Language is systematic and generative; it’s a set of arbitrary vocal or visual symbol that have conventioalized meaning; it’s used for communication; it operates in a speech community or culture; it’s essentially human and has universal characteristics. (Adapted from Douglas Brown, 1987)
Teachers’ understanding of language features and usewill deteremine to a large extentthe teaching of a second language.
An English language learner has to combineGrammatical Competence with the knowledge ofhow to use grammatical structures appropriatelyin the second language.
e.g. , functions and use of social and academic language
listening, speaking, reading, and writing
Structure of language
e.g., word formation, grammar, and sentence structure