154: ESL Certification




3 Domains


Domain I – Language Concepts and Language Acquisition


Domain II – ESL Instruction and Assessment


Domain III – Foundations of ESL Education, Cultural Awareness, and Family and Community Involvement



Domain I – Linguistic


Competency 1 – Concepts


Competency 2 – Acquisiton



Domain II – Cognitive


Competency 3 – Methods

Competency 4 – Communications

Competency 5 – Literacy

Competency 6 – Content

Competency 7 – Assessment







Domain III – Affective



Competency 8 – Foundation

Competency 9 – Multicultural

Competency 10 – Involvement






Language is systematic and generative; it’s a set of arbitrary vocal or visual symbol that have conventioalized meaning; it’s used for communication; it operates in a speech community or culture; it’s essentially human and has universal characteristics.


(Adapted from  Douglas Brown, 1987)




Teachers’ understanding of language features and use

will deteremine to a large extent

the teaching of a second language.




An English language learner has to combine

Grammatical Competence with the knowledge of

how to use grammatical structures appropriately

in the second language.







e.g. , functions and use of social and academic language




Language proficiency




listening, speaking, reading, and writing




Structure of language




e.g., word formation, grammar, and sentence structure




Language competence




e.g., linguistic, social, communicative competence