2017 McGraw-Hill SAT Vocab

Abstract
(adj) ab- away + tractus pulled
existing as an idea but not as a tangible experience

Anthropology
(n) anthro human + -ology study of
the study and comparison of human cultures

Comprehensive
(adj) com- together + prehendere to grasp
thorough and complete; converting all relevant subjects

Construe
(v) con- together + struere to build
to interpret in a particular way

Discerning
(adj) dis- apart + cernere to separate
showing a keen ability to distinguish subtle elements

Discriminating
(adj) dis- apart + crimen judicial decision
showing good taste or judgement

Disseminate
(v) dis- widely + semen seed
to vast (something, usually information) widely, as seed is scattered

Erudite
(adj) e-not + rudis untrained, unwrought
having or showing great learning or knowledge

Indoctrinate
(v) in- in + docere to teach
to teach someone to accept a set of beliefs uncritically

Insular
(adj) insula island
isolated from cultural and intellectual influences outside one’s own experience

Orthodox
(adj) orthos right, straight + docere to teach
conforming strictly to traditional teachings

Pedantic
(adj) pedante schoolmaster
inclined to show off one’s learning or knowledge; acting like know-it-all

Pursue
(v) per- thoroughly + use use
to read thoroughly and carefully

Postulate
(v) assume the existence or truth of something as a basis for reasoning

Provincial
(adj) unsophisticated or narrow-minded; particular to the narrow views of an isolated community

Revelation
(n) a fact revealed in a surprising way

Advocate
(v) ad- for + vocare to call, to give voice
to provide public support for a person, cause, or policy

Apologist
(n) apo- away + logos word, study
one who argues for a particular, often controversial position

Appease
(v) pais peace
to yield to demands in order to conciliatte

Bolster
(v) to strengthen or support

Buttress
(n) a projecting support for a building; usually of stone or brick; any strong support
(v) to provide with support or justification

Cajole
(v) to persuade through flattery or coaxing

Curcumlocutory
(adj) circum around + loqui to talk
inclined to speak evasively; speaking as if to avoid the subject

Cirumscribe
(v) circum around + scribere to write or draw
to define the limits of something, often an issue or problem

Cohesive
(adj) co-together + haerere to stick
forming a united whole

Conjecture
(n) con- together + ject thrown
a guess based on incomplete information

Consensus
(n) con- together + sentire to feel
[1] general agreement
[2] the generally held opinion on a matter

Contentious
(adj) causing or likely to provoke an argument

Credulous
(adj) credere to believe
willing to believe

Criteria
(n,pl) kritikos judge
principles or standards by which something is judged or decided

Cursory
(adj) currere to run
hasty or superficial

Debunk
(v) to expose the falseness of a belief

Deliniate
de- completely + lineare to create with lines
to describe or portray precisely

Dispel
(v) dis- away + pellere to force
to drive away; eliminate a rumor, misconception, or bad feeling

Disputatious
(adj) dis- apart + putare to reckon
[1] (of a person) fond of having heated arguments
[2] (of a situation) likely to cause an argument

Elucidate
(v) lux light
to make clear; to shed light on

Enticement
(n) something that attracts or tempts, particularly because it offers pleasure or advantage

Enumerate
(v) e-out + numerus number
to list one by one

Equivocate
(v) equi- same + vocare to call
to speak ambiguously so as to avoid commitment

Exhortation
(n) ex- out + hortari to encourage
a strong plea, usually through an urgent speech

Exonerate
(v) ex- out, from + onus burden
to absolve someone of blame or fault

Fallacious
(adj) fallere to deceive, to be untrue
based on a mistaken belief or unsound reasoning

Harangue
(n) a lengthy and bombastic speech

Incongruous
(adj) in- not + con together + ruere to fall
not consistent with expectations or surroundings

Induce
(v) in- in + ducere to lead
[1] to bring about
[2] to persuade to do something
[3] to derive by inductive (from specific instances to general principles) reasoning

Inexorable
(adj)
[1] (of an eventually) unpreventable
[2] (of a person) impossible to persuade

Infer
(v) in- into +ferre to bring, to bear
to conclude from evidence

Insinuate
(v) to suggest or hint at something, usually something morally dubious

Intransigent
(adj) stubbornly unwilling to compromise or agree with someone

Irresolute
(adj) ir- not + re- (intensive) + solvere to loosen
hesitant; showing lack of certainty or determination

Litgious
(adj) unreasonably prone to suing as a means of settling disputes

Obstinate
(adj) stubbornly refusing to change one’s position

Partisan
(adj) prejudiced in favor of a particular party, typically a political one

Placate
(v) placare to please
to pacify with conciliatory gestures

Precedent
(n) pre- before + cedere to go
a previous ocurence that is used as an example, particularly in a legal context

Prevalent
(adj) pre- before + valere to have power
abundant and widespread in a particular area

Prospenity
(n) pro- forward + pendere to hang
a natural inclination to behave a certain way

Provacative
(adj) pro- forward + vocare to call
[1] intended to cause a strong negative emotional response
[2] intended to arouse sexual desire

Pugnacious
(adj) pugnare to fight
quarrelsome; prone to fighting

Qualify
(v) qualis of what kind
[1] to moderate a statement to make it less extreme
[2] to meet a necessary condition (for)

Rebut
(v) to respond to an accusation by asserting or proving false; refute

Recalcitrant
(adj) re-back + calcitrate to kick with the heel
stubbornly uncooperative

Refute
(v) re- back + futare to beat
to prove something false

Resolute
(adj) unwaringly purposeful and dutiful

Rhetoric
(n)
[1] the art of persuasion through language
[2] language that is persuasive but insincere or meaningless

Specious
(adj) seemingly plausible, but actually incorrect

Speculation
(n) specere to look
a guess based on meager evidence

Streadfast
(adj) dutifully firm and unwavering

Strident
(adj) annoyingly loud and harsh, particularly when presenting a point of view

Subjective
(adj) sub under + ject thrown
based on personal feelings or opinions

Substantiate
(v) provide evidence for

Tenuous
(adj) tenuare to make thin, to stretch
flimsy; very weak or slight (esp. pertaining to a link, argument, or relationship)

Tirade
(v) a long, angry, and critical speech

Viable
(adj) vivere to lice
capable of working successfully

Vindicate
(v) vin- force + dictum declaration
to clear of blame or suspension

Zealot
(n) a fanatic; one who is uncompromising an vehement in pursing ideals

3. The Language of Dissent, Criticism, and Rebellion

Adversary
(n) ad- to + vertere to turn
a committed enemy or opponent

Antipathy
(adj) anti- against + pathos feeling
deep-seated dislike

Audacious
(adj) willing to take bold risks

Averse
(adj) ab- away + vertere to turn
having a strong dislike

Belligerent
(adj) bellum war
hostile and aggressive

Berate
(v) to scold angrily

Cantankerous
(adj) grouchy and argumentative

Circumspect
(adj) circum around + specere to look
wary; cautious

Clamor
(n) clamare to cry out
an uproar, usually from a crowd showing disapproval

Condescend
(v) con- together + de- down +scandere to climb
to act superior to someone else

Encroach
(v) to intrude on a territory or domain

Estranged
(adj) extra outside of
no longer emotionally close to someone; alienated

Evade
(v) e- out of + vadere to go
to escape or avoid, usually through clever means

Flout
(v) openly disregard (a rule or convention)

Heresy
(n) a belief or act that contradicts religious orthodoxy

Iconoclast
(n) eikon likeness + klan to break
(literally a “breaker of icons”) one who attacks cherished beliefs

Indignant
(adj) in- not + dignus worthy
angered by unjust treatment

Instigate
(v) bring about or initiate (an action or event)

Insurgent
(n) in-into + surgere to rise
a rebel

Malign
(v) malignus tending to evil
to speak harmful untruths about

Maverick
(n) a person who thinks independently

Misanthrope
(n) mis bad + anthropos mankind
one who dislikes and avoids humans

Rancor
(n) rancidus stinking
deep-seated resentment

Rebuke
(v) to express sharp and stern disapproval for someone’s actions

Renounce
(v) re-back +nuntiare to announce
to give up or put aside publicly

Reprehensible
(adj) re- back + prehendere to grasp
deserving of condemnation

Reprove
(v) to reprimand

Revoke
(v) re- back + vocare to call
to take back a formal decree, decision, or permission

Subvert
(v) sub- under + vertere to turn
to undermine the authority or power of another

Supplant
(v) to replace in importance or relevance

Vilify
(v) vilis worthless
to denounce someone bitterly

Vindictive
(adj) vin force + dictum declaration

4. The Language of Power and Submission

Acquiesce
(v) ad- to + quiescere to rest
to accept an unpleasant situation or comply to a demand reluctantly

Capitulate
(v) capit head
to surrender; to stop resisting

Coerce
(v) co- together + arcere to restrain
to force someone to do something by use of threats

Concession
(n) con- together + cedere to yield, to go
[1] the act of admitting reluctantly that something is true
[2] something surrendered, as land or a right

Contrite
(adj) con-together + tritus rubbed
remorseful; full of regret

Deference
(n) de- down + ferre to bring
respect for or submission to the authority or opinion of another

Demagogue
(n) demos people + agogos leading
a leader who persuades followers through emotional populists appeal rather than rational argument

Despot
(n) potentia power
a (usually cruel) ruler with absolute power

Dictatorial
(adj) dicere to declare
characteristic of a ruler with total power; tyrannical

Diffident
(adj) dis- away + fidere to trust
lacking in self-confidence; shy and modest

Domineering
(adj) dominus lord, master
arrogantly overbearing

Eminent
(adj) famous and respected in a particular domain

Enthralling
(adj) thrall slave
fascinating; captivating

Exploitative
(adj) intended to take selfish advantage of a situation or person

Hierarchy
(n) hieros sacred + arkhes ruler
a power structure in which members are ranked by status

Imperious
(adj) imperare to command
bossy and domineering

Impervious
(adj) im- not + per- through
not able to be influenced (by)

Indelible
(adj) in- not + delere to destroy, to eliminate
forming an enduring impression; unfogettable

Insolent
(adj) rude and disrespectful

Insubordination
(n) in- not + sub- under + ordinare to rank
an act of defying authority; disobedience

Mandate
(n) manus hand + dare to give
an official order or commission to do something

Obtrusive
(adj) ob- toward + trudere to push
[1] (of things) prominent in an annoying way
[2] (of people) obnoxiously intrusive

Pacify
(v) pax peace
to quell the agitation of something; to make peaceful

Pervasive
(adj) per- through + vadere to go
widespread

Potent
(adj) potentia power
particularly powerful, influential, or effective

Predominant
(adj) dominat ruled, governed
acting as the main element or the most powerful influence

Propagate
(v)
[1] to spread and promote
[2] to breed, as organisms

Recluse
(n) re- back + claudere to close
a person who lives a solitary lifestyle

Relinquish
(v) re- (intensive) + linquere to abandon
to voluntarily give up

Ruthless
(adj) without mercy

Sanction
(n)
[1] official approval
[2] a penalty, usually one imposed by one government upon another

Sequester
(v) to isolate from outside influences

Servile
(adj) servus slave
[1] excessively willing to serve others
[2] pertaining to or akin to slave labor

Subjugate
(v) sub- under + jugum yoke
to bring under one’s domination

Tenacious
(adj) tenere to hold
holding fast to a position or claim; stubbornly persistent

Tractable
(adj) tracture to pull, to handle
easily managed or influenced

Unremitting
(adj) un- not + re- back + mittere to send
incessant; never decreasing in intensity

Usurper
(n) one who forcibly takes a position of power

5. The Language of Language and Literature

Allude
(v) ad- to + ludere to play
to hint at indirectly

Analogy
(n) a correspondence between two things based on structural similarity

Anecdote
(n) a short amusing or informative story

Anthology
(n) anthos flower + logia collection
a published collection of writings

Bombastic
(adj) (pertaining to speech) pompous and blustery, with little meaning

Coherent
(adj) co- together + haerere to stick
[1] clear, rational, and consistent
[2] forming a united whole

Colloquial
(adj) co- together + loqui to talk
pertaining to informal, conversational speech

Derivative
(adj) de- down + rivus stream
imitative of someone else’s work and therefore unorigianal

Eclectic
(adj) ex- out + legere to choose
deriving from a variety of sources

Eloquent
(adj) loqui to talk
articulate and well spoken

Epilogue
(n) epi- upon, in addition + logos words
a section at the end of a novel or play that explains the conclusion

Evocative
(adj) e- out + vocare to call
tending to draw out strong feelings, ideas, or sensations

Irony
(n) a situation that directly contradicts expectations

Laconic
(adj) Laconia Sparta
inclined to use very few words

Lament
(v) to mourn or express deep regret

Loquacious
(adj) loqui to talk
talkative; tending to chatter

Melodrama
(n) melos music + drama
sensational drama designed to appeal to the emotions

Platitude
(n) an overused proverb

Poignant
(adj) pungere to prick
emotionally moving; keenly distressing

Satiric
(adj) employing humor, irony, or ridicule to poke fun at something

Verbose
(adj) verbum word
excessively wordy

6. The Language of Judgment

Ambivalent
(adj) ambi- both + valere to be strong
having mixed feelings about something

Arbitrary
(adj) arbiter judge
based on personal whim, rather than reason

Arbitrate
(v) arbiter judge
to serve as a neutral third-party judge in a dispute

Carping
(adj) constantly finding fault, particularly about trivial matters

Censor
(v) censere to assess
to edit out or repress objectionable material

Censure
(v) censere to assess
to express formal disapproval of someone’s behavior

Clemency
(n) clemens mildness
leniency, particularly in judicial sentencing

Conformist
(n) con- together + form
one who conscientiously complies with the standards of a group

Contempt
(n) sharp disgust for something deemed unworthy

Cynic
(n) one who believes that humans are essentially selfish

Demeaning
(adj) causing a loss or respect or dignity

Denouce
(v) de- down + nuntiare declare
publicly declare as bad or evil

Depraved
(adj) immoral or wicked

Derision
(n) mockery; contemptuous ridicule

Disdain
(n) dis- not + dignus worthy
feeling that something or someone is unworthy

Dogmatic
(adj) proclaiming an inflexible adherence to religious or political principles

Extol
(v) ex- out + tol ring out
to praise enthusiastically

Futile
(adj) futilis leaky
doomed to fail; pointless

Inane
(adj) silly, stupid

Irreverent
(adj) ir- not + re- (intensive) + vereri to respect
showing no respect for things that are ordinarily given respect

Mundane
(adj) mundus world
dull and uninteresting

Punitive
(adj) punire to punish
intended to punish

Repudiate
(v) to refuse association with

Skeptical
(adj) inclined to doubt; not easily convinced

7. The Language of Extremism and Exxageration

Embellish
(v) bellus beautiful
to make a story more interesting by fabricating or exaggerating entertaining details; to decorate

Eradicate
(v) e- out + radix root
to eliminate completely

Hyperbole
(n) hyper above, beyond
exaggeration for persuasive effect

Indulgent
(adj) excessively generous or lenient

Superfluous
(adj) super above + fluere to flow
unnecessary, excessive

Unstinting
(adj) without reservations; given liberally

8. The Language of Care and Restraint

Ameliorate
(v) to make a situation better

Assuage
(v) to make something unpleasant less intense

Curtail
(v) curtus short
to cut back; to impose a restriction on an activity

Equanimity
(n) equa same + anima spirit, mind
evenness of temper

Fastidious
(adj) showing great attention to details, particularly in matters of cleanliness

Impassive
(adj) in- not + passivus suffered
unemotional; calm

Meticulous
(adj) showing finicky attention to details and precision

Nonchalant
(adj) calm and unconcerned, often inappropriately so

Parsimony
(n) parcere to be sparing
extreme reluctance to spend money, use unnecessary language, or expand resources

Placid
(adj) placere to please
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