2500 BCE-Sumerian tablets(The earliest record of the Sumerian creation myth, called The Eridu Genesis by historian Thorkild Jacobsen, is found on a single fragmentary tablet excavated in Nippur.) record trading routes between Syria and Anatolia present-day Turkey.2300 BCE-Harkhuf makes three expeditions from Egypt to Nubia; his last journey is made in the name of Pharaoh Pepi II (was a pharaoh of the Sixth Dynasty in Egypt’s Old Kingdom who reigned from 2278 BCE.).1500 BCE-A lavish trading expedition is sent by Queen Hatshepsut from Egypt to the land of Punt, thought to be in the Horn of Africa.1000 BCE-Polynesians arrive Tonga and Samoa from southern China; during the next 2,000 years, they spread east across the Pacific.670 BCE-Pharaoh Necho (was a king of the 26th Dynasty. ) dispatches an expedition from Egypt that attempts to circumnavigate Africa.563 BCE-Siddhartha Gautama (was the leader and founder one of many sects which existed at that time all over India. ), the Buddha, is born in Lumbini in northern India500 BCE-Hanno the navigator departs from the Phoenician city of Carthage and voyages to West Africa, possibly reaching as far as Cameroon.500 BCE-Greek cartographer Hecataeus of Miletus produces the first known world map, portrayed as a flat disk surrounded by “Ocean”.5th Century BCE-Phoenicians colonize as far west as Mogador in present-day Morocco, where they establish a trade in purple dye made from murex shells (Murex is a medium to large sized predatory tropical sea snail).5th Century BCE-Bantu’s begin to spread from the Niger area to colonize the region around the African Great Lakes.334 BCE-Alexander the Great begins his career as conqueror of Asia Minor and the Persian Empire, reaching Egypt in 322 BCE and India in 324 BCE.330 BCE-Pytheas sails from Greek Marseilles, reaching the Hebrides and possibly as far as Iceland, and describes pack-ice and the northern lights for the first time.330 BCE-Persepolis, capital of the Persian Empire, is captured by the army of Alexander the Great and destroyed, possibly in revenge for the destruction of the Acropolis during the Greco-Persian War.138 BCE-Jong Chang ( was a Chinese official and diplomat who served as an imperial envoy to the world outside of China in the 2nd century BCE, during the time of the Han dynasty) and about 100 others went on a expedition to Central Asia, where he establishes the trade routes that will become the Silk Road.1st Century CE-Nabatean city Palmyra (is an ancient Semitic city in present-day Homs Governorate) acts as a link between Rome to the west and Parthia to the east, and becomes wealthy through trade.82 CE-Roman emperor Domitian (was Roman emperor from 81 to 96. He was the younger brother of Titus and son of Vespasian) dispatches an expedition across the Sahara to the lands of the Aramantes they possibly reach as far as Ethiopia.130 CE-Claudius Ptolemy of Alexandria maps the coordinates for all parts of the known world, with latitude measured from the equator, as it is today.148 CE-Parthian prince An Shigao arrives in Luoyang, the Han Chinese capital, and makes the first Chinese translations of Buddhist texts.166 CE-A Roman embassy reaches as far as the Chinese court, establishing trade links with East Asia399 CE-Fa Xian the Monk (was a Chinese Buddhist monk who travelled by foot from China to India, visiting many sacred Buddhist ) sets off from China on his epic pilgrimage to India and Sri Lanka in search of Buddhist scriptures.512-530 CE-Irish monk St.Brendan makes his legendary journey north to the mythical Isle of the Blessed.600 CE-Chinese luxury goods, such as this terracotta horse, are traded as far west as Egypt.629 CE-Xuanzang (was a Chinese Buddhist monk, scholar, traveller, and translator) sets off on his epic journey across Central Asia, visiting the colossal Buddhas at Bamyan, Afghanistan, on route to India.635 CE-The first Christian missionaries, led by Alopen, arrived in China, setting up places of worship in Xian and spreading the Nestorian doctrine of Christianity.700 CE-Arab merchants reach Canton (Guangdong) in China.850 CE-Suleiman the Merchant sets out from Baghdad and visits the Maldives, Malacca, Vietnam, and Canton.860 CE-The Vikings land on Iceland;the first recorded permanent settler Ingólfur Arnarson builds a home on the site of present-day Reykjavik in 874.900 CE-Arab Dhows start to sail routes along the coast of East Africa, reaching as far south as Sofala.914 CE-Al-Masudi (was an Arab historian and geographer. He is sometimes referred to as the Herodotus of the Arabs.) sets off on his travels; he reaches as far south as East Africa, and as far east as India and possibly China.922 CE-Ibn Fadlan sets out north from the Abbasid caliphate, which boasts the largest mosque in the world at Samarra, on a mission to convert the Volga Bulgars to Islam.950 CE-Erik the Red (was a Norwegian Viking, remembered in medieval and Icelandic saga sources as having founded the first Norse settlement in Greenland.) is exiled from Sweden and sent to Iceland; in 982, he discovers Greenland and encourages others to follow him there.1003 CE-Leif Eriksson (was a Norse explorer from Iceland. He was the first known European to have discovered continental North America, before Christopher Columbus) sails from Iceland and reaches the Labrador Coast, where he makes an unsuccessful attempt to establish a colony he names “Vinland”.