2nd hour

What was Brown v Board of Education
Supreme Court Decision, 1954, said that separate schools for black and white children was unconstitutional
In the early 1900’s, some people began to believe these three groups were treated unfairly by the American education system
African Americans
Native Americans
Immigrants
Union
A group of workers who unite to have a voice in working conditions, pay, pension, etc.
Why were so most of the early schools taught by male teachers?
It was not common for women to work outside the home, many believed women were unable to handle the discipline and other demands of a classroom
Horace Mann
A school reformer who wanted to make school and education available to everyone
Common School
New name for public schools that sprang up in the early 1800’s, called “common” because they were intended for all, including the “common” individual, not just the wealthy
Normal School
Teacher training colleges, SEMO was originally a Normal School
Why did women begin to enter the teaching profession in the 1850’s?
Growth of common schools/public education increased the demand for teachers.
Men took other jobs with higher pay.
Men left to “go West”
Dame Schools
Schools for young children run by women in their homes
Pay for women teachers
Not uncommon to be 1/3 of what a man was paid
Describe some of the conditions found in schools in the mid-1800’s:
No supplies, poor pay, lack of support, rules came from people outside the teaching profession, crowded, MARRIED women could not teach,
Why did women continue to be drawn into the teaching profession?
Independence, money, sense of purpose
Port Royal Experiment, Hampton Institute
Early attempts to provide education for African Americans and Native Americans
By 1900, what percentage of teachers were female?
75%
Who is considered the “Father”/founder of kindergarten?
Froebel
Where was Froebel from?
Germany
What does “kindergarten” mean?
Garden of Children
How did Froebel’s ideas about education differ from what was routinely practiced at the time
Thought children learned by hands on, exploration, manipulation of objects
What was Plessy v Ferguson
Supreme Court, 1895, separate but equal facilities, including schools
Who was John Dewey
A school reformer in the 1920’s who believed that education should be more democratic, (available to everyone)
What were the Froebel “gifts”
Geometric blocks and other hands/on manipulatives that helped children learn and allowed them to be creative
Describe Maria Montessori
From Italy, first woman in Italy to become a medical doctor, became interested in education, early-mid 1900’s
What was Montessori’s philosophy about education?
She believed children were “natural” learners, adults needed to provide learning material and students would learn
UNSTRUCTURED learning
What was the purpose of Head Start
To “level” the playing field for disadvantaged children
Who was President when Head Start began?
Lyndon Johnson, part of his program, “War on Poverty”
When did Head Start begin
Began as an 8 week summer program in 1965
This type of learning style involves words/reading, spelling
Linguistic, usually a visual learner, needs to “see”
This type of learner is “picture” smart, reads and understands charts, builds with blocks, loves geometry
Spatial
If someone learns best by hearing they are said to be this type of learner
auditory
A Naturalist or nature-smart learner
collects bugs, leaves, likes to garden, loves animals
music smart or musical intelligence
This individual usually has lots of natural music ability, learns to play instruments easily, sensitive to noises, sounds, can tell if music is off-key