Methods of the Arts Final Exam

Element of Art – Line
A line is an identifiable path created by a point moving in space. It is one-dimensional and can vary in width, direction, and length. Lines often define the edges of a form.
Element of Art – Shape and Form
Shape and form define objects in space. Shapes have two dimensions—height and width—and are usually defined by lines. Forms exist in three dimensions, with height, width, and depth
Element of Art – Color
Light reflected off objects. Color has three main characteristics: hue (red, green, blue, etc.), value (how light or dark it is), and intensity (how bright or dull it is). Colors can be described as warm (red, yellow) or cool (blue, gray), depending on which end of the color spectrum they fall.
Element of Art – Texture
The surface quality of an object that we sense through touch. All objects have a physical texture. Artists can also convey texture visually in two dimensions.
Element of Art – Space
Real space is three-dimensional. Space in a work of art refers to a feeling of depth or three dimensions. It can also refer to the artist’s use of the area within the picture plane. The area around the primary objects in a work of art is known as negative space, while the space occupied by the primary objects is known as positive space.
Element of Art – Value
VALUE refers to the distribution or juxtaposition of light and dark. Values can be divided into three categories of brightness: Highlights, Mid tones, and Shadows. The play of light across surfaces and through space reveals form and texture.
Principles of art – Variety and Emphasis
Variety keeps life interesting. Imagine if everything in your life was the same, day in and day out. Imagine the monotony! Artists also understand the importance of Emphasis in their work. Usually one part or area is given more detail to enhance that section. Click here to see how artists use Variety and Emphasis in their work.
Principles of Art – Harmony and Unity
“Harmony” in music results in pleasing tones to the ears. “Harmony” in art results from a combination of related Elements of Art creating a pleasing work for the eye. “Unity” infers that the work of art is presented as a ” whole”. When a work of art has “Unity”, the viewer sees the work as a whole, not in separate sections. Let’s go on to see just how this works!
Principles of Art – Proportion
The word “Proportion” means one part in relation to another. All people have a sense of proportion concerning themselves as compared to others. “My nose is too long for my face”. “She has long legs”. “His eyes are wide set.” All of these comments reinforce the idea that we see and have opinions about the relationships between one thing compared to another. Artists use their sense of Proportion to make statements or express a particular feeling about a subject in a work of art.
Principles of Art – Balance
As humans we experience the need for Balance in our everyday life. We use it as we walk or run and to carry things. Balance is also necessary in other ways. We need to balance our awake and sleeping periods, our food intake and energy exports, and relaxation and stress. Balance is also important to a work of art. A balanced artwork leaves the viewer feeling “visually comfortable”. On the other hand, a work that is not balanced creates a sense of visual stress.
Principles of Art – Rhythm and Movement
The words Rhythm and Movement are often associated with music, dance and sports. We think of steady marching rhythms, drum beats and the pulsing sound of the bass on the radio as types of rhythms. The darting of soccer players, the graceful flow of ballet dancers and the artful dodging of basketball players emphasize Movement. Art also has rhythm and movement, a visual rhythm, a rhythmic movement. Let’s explore the Principles of Rhythm and Movement more.