ACaliphate is an Islamic State. In 2014, the group of Islamic State of Iraq andSyria (ISIS) has restored the Islamic Caliphate and named their leader, AbuBakr al-Baghdadi, as a Caliph, to the prophet Muhammad in the early Islamicempire (John, E.
L., 2018). Therefore, ISIS established the Caliphate in orderto continue the prophecy of Muhammad from the seventh century. ISIS mainobjective of establishing Caliphate is to create a Muslim state that will conquerthe world (Tim, L.
, 2015). To Muslims, it is a duty to always seek to establisha caliphate and they believed a Caliphate can only exist if it holds power andterritory. This is what makes them psychologically binding to each other thatanyone besides their group or against their group are their enemies and theyneed to eliminate them. Hence, ISIS seeks to fight for greater political,legitimacy and militant power. For instance, ISIS’ first goal is to assertcontrol over Iraq and Syria.
They succeeded in controlling Libya and present inmany parts of the world such as Yemen, Afghanistan, the Sinai Peninsula inEgypt, Europe, Asia, and the United States (Tim, L., 2015). Through this, ISIS hasbeen using their Caliphate propaganda to reach out to all Muslims around theworld in order to bind them into one perspective. As this is a technology era,their propaganda is mostly based on the internet presence and its objective isto influence other Muslims and to recruit more members to the group. As anexample, before the pedestrians attack in Barcelona, it is reported that theIslamic State’s online magazine published an article about advices on how tokill a large number of people using a special kind of truck. The authoritiesstill figure out whether the lone wolves killers read the article but it seemsthat they followed the advices.
As a result, ISIS’ propaganda machine seems togrow and influence significantly to the people around the world as they aims torecruit more supporters by publishing many videos and articles a day (Joby, W.,2015). This propaganda also influences them put their devotion only to theirgod. “Propaganda isn’t just one guy putting together a magazine or a pamphlet;it’s a form of strategic communication…” (Douglas, W.