Iraq is the modern day country that exists is this geographical location. 1 b. Along which rivers did the Egyptian civilization develop? This river has an unusual characteristic. What is it? Egyptian civilization developed along the Nile river which flowed from South to North. AAA. How did the people of Sumerian and people of Mesopotamia irrigate their fields? Sumerians dug ditches and brought river water to their dry land. B. How did the Egyptians irrigate their land? Flooding Of the Nile brought rich fertile soil for the Egyptians. AAA. What structure was at the center of a Sumerian city-state?

What did they call this structure? What do you think this tell us about their culture? A temple was at the center of Sumerian city-sates. They called the temples Auguries. Having a temple in the center of all city-states tells us that this civilization was very religiously centered. B. What important structures characterized Egyptian civilization? What was their purpose? What do you think this tells us about their culture? Pyramids characterized Egyptian civilization, they were burial tombs believed to help he pharaoh achieve eternal life after death.

This tells us that the Egyptians too were very religious. AAA. The Mesopotamia civilization was organized into independent city-states. Find a definition of city-state and then explain what it is in your own words. A city-state is an independently governed city unaffected by surrounding countries. B. How was Egypt organized politically? What word did both videos use to describe Egypt political organization? Both videos used the word empire to describe political organization. Egyptians had a single leader called a pharaoh. AAA.

The Mesopotamia video details several contributions the people of Mesopotamia made to human civilization. List three of these contributions and explain their impact or importance to human culture and civilization, even today. The people of Mesopotamia invented the wheel which is still used all over the world in everyday life today. They used them in pottery and we still used that today. They developed the principle of the arch which is essential in the building of bridges and temples. They also created the first form of written communication which was on clay tablets, today we use paper ND pencil. B. The Egyptian video discusses three famous Egyptian leaders. List these leaders and explain why they were so famous or important? The largest pyramid of the three built in Gaza was for King Chuff and of the 7 wonders of the ancient world it is the only one still standing. King Tutankhamen was referred to as the boy leader because he died at the age of 1 9, his cause of death was gangrene from a break in his leg. The most powerful pharaoh was King Rampages II he ruled for 66 years and had many wives with over 1 00 children.

He was the pharaoh during the exodus of Moses. AAA. The Assyrian were eventually able to subdue Mesopotamia, even though they were less developed than the dominant Babylonians. What gave the Assyrian a military advantage that the Babylonians didn’t have? Assyrian were able to subdue Mesopotamia because they had the advantage of the horse. B. At the end of the video on Egypt, what empire had taken over Egypt and what event or circumstance enabled it to do so? The Ptolemy Empire was able to take over because Alexander the Great installed them as the rulers of Egypt.