Advanced Strategies for Promoting Verbal and Social Behavior

scripts
come in many forms and have been proven to be an effective method to teach conversational skills
Scripts can be composed of single words, phrases, full sentences
2 types of scripts
Text Script
Audio Script
Skills taught using scripts
Initiations about activities
Commenting about environment
Current, upcoming, or finished activities
Prompting scripts
Two people, partner and prompter
Prompter prevents errors
Fade prompts based on child independence
Use of scripts
has lead to more spontaneous language
Conclusions in parent studey
Parents can sucessfuly implement scripts and fading procedures
Effective methods to increase interactions during play
Only 3 were taught
Included activity schedule
Conclusions of other study
Extinction prior to teaching did not increase variability
During training, participants used primary target script
Increases in variability were seen following all script training conditions
activity schedul
a set of pictures or words that cues someone to engage in a sequence of events
Learner independently completes the sequence using the schedule as a prompt rather than an adult
Benefits of activity schedules
Promotes independence
Facilitates choice
Increases social interactions
Planning
Types of schedyles
Across activities
Activity Specific
Preprequisite skills for using activity schedules
Picture/Background discrimination
Identity matching
Picture/object correspondence
Motivational system
Tactile tolerance
Acquired work/play skills
Pre-teahing schedule
Turning pages, pointing, getting and putting away materials, setting timer, reading text prompts
Teaching procedure
Give beginning instruction
Once that is done, do not talk until schedule is finished
Do not use gestures
Do not make eye contact
Get out of the way
Prompting in schedules
Not necessary for learners to demonstrate all skills independently
Teach learners to initiate and complete a sequence of activities without verbal directions.