Advanced Strategies for Promoting Verbal and Social Behavior

scripts
come in many forms and have been proven to be an effective method to teach conversational skillsScripts can be composed of single words, phrases, full sentences
2 types of scripts
Text ScriptAudio Script
Skills taught using scripts
Initiations about activitiesCommenting about environmentCurrent, upcoming, or finished activities
Prompting scripts
Two people, partner and prompterPrompter prevents errorsFade prompts based on child independence
Use of scripts
has lead to more spontaneous language
Conclusions in parent studey
Parents can sucessfuly implement scripts and fading proceduresEffective methods to increase interactions during playOnly 3 were taughtIncluded activity schedule
Conclusions of other study
Extinction prior to teaching did not increase variabilityDuring training, participants used primary target scriptIncreases in variability were seen following all script training conditions
activity schedul
a set of pictures or words that cues someone to engage in a sequence of eventsLearner independently completes the sequence using the schedule as a prompt rather than an adult
Benefits of activity schedules
Promotes independenceFacilitates choiceIncreases social interactionsPlanning
Types of schedyles
Across activitiesActivity Specific
Preprequisite skills for using activity schedules
Picture/Background discriminationIdentity matchingPicture/object correspondenceMotivational systemTactile toleranceAcquired work/play skills
Pre-teahing schedule
Turning pages, pointing, getting and putting away materials, setting timer, reading text prompts
Teaching procedure
Give beginning instructionOnce that is done, do not talk until schedule is finishedDo not use gesturesDo not make eye contactGet out of the way
Prompting in schedules
Not necessary for learners to demonstrate all skills independentlyTeach learners to initiate and complete a sequence of activities without verbal directions.