By doing this interview, the researcher discovered the causes, effects, and solutions to the problem of poor production in the farming community of top hill SST. Thomas. Literature review According to the agrarian. In, entry on crop production, crop production is concerned with the exploitation of plant morphological (or structural) and plant physiological (or functional) responses with a soil & atmospheric environment to produce a high yield per unit area of land. Growth is irreversible increase in size or weight. The factors that affect crop production re: 1.
The soil in which crops are grown 2. The water which is the life of the plant 3. The skillful management of the farmer himself 4. The climate which is out of control of man & but decided the growth, development & production. 5. The genetic characters of crop plant which is the genetic makeup & can be exploited for crop production. Broadly, the factors that influence the growth of crop or crop production can be classified as Internal or Genetic Factors and External or Environmental Factors. Research methodology The methods used in collecting data for this research are personal interviews.
An interview is a formal meeting in which one party or individual ask another party or individual questions to collect needed information. The researcher decided to use the interview method as there would be an immediate return of information, and this data can be analyzed almost immediately. As well as the fact that unclear questions can be clarified. The interview and observation were done in top, hill SST. Thomas on four farms, and took place on February 28, 2014. Rest Its From the data collected, it was discovered that natural disasters can lead to poor crop production.
On the farms studied, 100 % of the crops were lost, or rendered unmarketable in the last hurricane, (sandy 201 2). The slope of the land o the made it very easy for water to wash away soil and crops. It was also discovered that the type of tools had an effect on production. The farm that used machetes, forks and hoes were noted to receive lower returns, than a farm that was mechanized, as mechanized farms are more efficient, as well as more land can be farmed with these machines. Another factor that affected production was the climate of the area.
The farmers, who had all en in agriculture over 25 years, noted that there was a time when there was much more yearly rainfall, and during that time, returns were much higher. According to the farmers, another factor that caused poor production was the fertility of the land. Fertile soil can be described as soil that provides enough nutrients, has a good water holding capacity as well as good drainage and also should provide a good anchor for roots. It was discovered that things such as excess rainfall, over farming and striping them land of plants made it loose its fertility.
An important factor that causes poor production is insect pests and diseases. The farmer noted that they cause plants to not function properly, as well as eating the plants, so production is very limited. Some insect pests are the weevil and caterpillars, and a disease is spotted leaf disease. Labor also affects production. Most small farmers, included the one studied do not have the capital to hire labor, so production is limited as there is only one person operating the farm. When asked the main cause of poor production in top hill SST.
Thomas, seventy-five (75%) of farmers said natural disasters, and twenty five percent 25%) chose said over farming. When asked the effects of low crop production, there were many suggestions. One of these were the fact that farmers are left without enough income to comfortably provide for themselves, and so they live in poverty. Low production is part of a vicious circle of poverty. Low yields lead to low profits, low profits lead to little capital, having little capital makes it impossible to but better equipment and fertilizer for farming so this leads to low yields, and the cycle continues.
Low production also has an effect on the nation’s economy. Low production nutrients to the trade deficit, putting the nation further in debt that has an overall negative effect on the country. The lack of funds and unemployment that is caused by low production could be linked to crime, as individuals would be forced to supplement their income in any way possible. As well as the fact that drugs for example marijuana may be grown to supplement meager farm incomes. When asked, one hundred percent (100%) of farmers said the main effect of poor production is poverty. There were many proposed solutions to low production on the farm.
For example, adding earthlier to the soil. One hundred percent of the farmers agreed that this measure could increase farm production. This would specifically solve the effects of over farming, and removing all vegetation from the soil surface, as we as leaching. Another proposed solution would have been that the government could provide grants and subsidies for farmers, which they would use to get good equipment. Finally, it would be recommended that farmers use chemicals to get rid of insect pests and diseases Conclusion and recommendations It is concluded that the poor production has a great, negative effect on rammers in top hill SST.
Thomas, because of the financial effect it has on the farmers, and in turn he poverty that causes in the community. Farmers need to be more efficient in their production to end these negative effects and increase production. To solve the problem of poor production, the researcher recommends that governments provide tools and fertilizer free, or at a reduced price. It is also recommended that farmers try more effective cropping systems, for example crop rotation. It would be recommended that crops liable to hurricanes be grown around the hurricane season as best s possible.