When say apple say the first person’s name that comes to mind, okay how about Microsoft? Do you recognize this quote” We can only see a short distance ahead, but we can see plenty there that needs to be done. B. Today I am introducing an amazing man, a genius some might say. He is the intellectual father of the modern computer and he had a theory, but I am getting ahead of myself. From reading The New Yorker to Time Magazine have learned much about Alan Turing.
I would like share with you how Alan Turing changed the computer age by focusing on three aspects of his life: the iris his early life, second his adult life and third his work and accomplishments. II. Body a. Alan Matheson Turing Early Life I. Alan Matheson Turing was born on June 23 191 2, the second and last child of Julius Matheson and Ethel Sara Turing. He was born in a nursing home in Padding, London according to Turing. Org. UK which was I retrieved on 2/1 5/15 ii.
His father worked in the Indian Civil service and instead of taking their child back to the East, they sent him to live with a retired Army couple in a seaside English town. Iii- Alan was a good-looking boy, dreamy, rather lumpy, and not very popular with his classmates. Iv. It wasn’t until his early teens when he met another boy who shared his passion for science,. They became inseparable friends exploring Einstein relativity theory together. Unfortunately a year later his friend died of tuberculosis. B. Adult Life I. In 1936, he went to Princeton University, returning to England in 1938.
Cambridge University, fascinated by the math of quantum physics. Ii. He began to work secretly part-time for the British Government Code and Cipher School. On the outbreak of the Second World War he took up full-time work t its headquarters, Blithely Park. Which was mentioned on http:// www. BBC. Com/news/technology-25495315iii. Turing had a secret: he was a gay man. He was a gay man at a time when homosexual acts between consenting adults were illegal. In Manchester, Turing picked up a 19 year old drifter named Arnold Murray.
When Turing’s home was burglarized, he reported the incident to the police and ended up disclosing hiss sexual relationship with Murray. Turing was arrested for “gross indecency/’ At the trial in March 1952, Turing pleaded guilty, though he made it clear he felt no Morse. He was offered a choice: imprisonment or probation contingent on receiving hormone injections designed to curb his sexual desires. He chose hormone injections rather than a prison sentence, which meant he would abandon his work for the government. C. His Accomplishments/Work I.
He played the key wartime role at Blithely Park in breaking the ciphers used by the German armed forces with their Enigma Machine (shortened the second world war by 2 -4 years) and he framed the most fundamental question of the computer age: can machines think? Ii. As mentioned in the article, The price of Genius, by Walter Caisson, which can be found in time magazine, Turnings need to hide both his homosexuality and his code breaking work meant that he often found himself playing his own imitation game, pretending to be things he wasn’t. Ii. After the war, Turing turned his attention to a question: Did humans have “free Will” perhaps even a soul that made them different from a programmed machine? According to Time Magazine, The Price of The Price of Genius, He then began to work on machines that could modify their own programs based on information they recessed, and he came to believe that this type of machine learning could lead to artificial intelligence. He believed that one-day machines would become so powerful that they would think just like humans.
He even created a test, which he called “the imitation game” where this game showcases the fundamental difference between our minds and machines, iv. The following example was found in Code Breaker, in the New Yorker written by James Holt. A sample interrogation, he wrote, might include the following: Q: Please write me a sonnet on the subject of the Forth Bridge. A : Count me out on this one. I never could write poetry. Q: Add 34957 to 70764. I. A: [Pause about 30 seconds and then give as answer] 1 05621.