Anatomy part II Appendicular Skeleton

Shoulder girdle consists of?
Scapula, Clavicle, Muscles and tendons of the shoulder and shoulder joint
Scapula is also known as?
shoulder blade
Scapula consists of what?
acromion, coracoid process and glenoid cavity
acromion description
articulates with the clavicle
coracoid process description
anterior projection from upper border
glenoid cavity description
where humerus fits
clavicle is also known as
the collar bone
clavicle description
joins shoulder girdle to sternum
shoulder tendons of 4 muscles fuse to form ____________
rotator cuff
teres minor (shoulder) rotates?
arm outward
subscapularis rotates ________
medially
supraspinatus assists with _________
arm abduction
infraspinatus rotates _______
arm outward
Humerus is the ____________
Upper Arm Bone
Ulna is larger at the _________ and smaller at the __________
elbow, wrist
radius is smaller at the ________ and larger at the ______________
elbow, wrist
There are how many carpals per wrist?
eight
What are the 8 carpals?
Hamate, Pisiform, Capitate, Triquetrum, Lunate, Trapezoid, Trapezium and Scaphoid
There are how many metacarpals?
five per hand
There are how many phalanges?
fourteen
What is the largest part of the hip bones?
ilium
____________ is wider in females
iliac crest
arched bone at the bottom of the pelvis?
ischium
What is the bone above the ischium that supports external reproductive organs?
pubis
obturator foramen is more _______ in males?
round
obturator foramen is where __________ pass through?
blood vessels and nerves
femur is the __________ bone in the body?
strongest
What bone can hold up to 30 times one’s weight?
femur
What is the largest sesamoid bone in the body?
patella
What is the largest of the two lower leg bones?
tibia
What is the smaller of the two lower leg bones?
fibula
There are how many bones in each foot?
twenty-six
What is the name of the heel bone?
calcaneus?
Fibrous joints are _________
synarthrotic
What are the two types of fibrous joints?
immovable and skull sutures
Cartilaginous joints are __________?
amphiarthrotic
What are the two types of cartilaginous joints?
hyaline and fibrocartilage
hyaline cartilage joints have ________?
limited movement
hyaline cartilage joints are located where?
between first rib and sternum
Fibrocartilage joints have __________ under pressure
slight movement
Example of a fibrocartilage joint?
pubic symphysis
Synovial joints are also known as?
diarthrotic joints
Synovial joints consist of?
joint capsule, synovial membrane, articular cartilage, joint cavity, menisci, ligaments, bursae
Ligaments are?
dense cords of white fibrous tissue between bones
“Pads” of synovial membrane filled with synovial fluid are?
bursae
4 bones and 7 muscles move the ______
knee
The 4 bones that make up the knee joint are?
tibia, fibula, patella and femur
What are the 7 muscles that move the knee?
vastua lateralis, medialis and intermedius, biceps femoris, semitendinosus and semimembranosus
What 2 groups of muscles move the knee?
quadriceps and hamstrings
quadriceps muscles consist of?
vastus lateralis, medialis and intermedius, rectus femoris
hamstring muscles consist of?
biceps femoris, semitendinosus and semimembranosus
What are the ligaments of the knee?
anterior and posterior cruciate, medial and lateral collateral and patellar
anterior cruciate prevents _________ from sliding backwards on the _______ and _______ from sliding forward on the __________?
femur, tibia, tibia, femur
Posterior cruciate prevents _____ from sliding forward on the _______ and ______ from sliding backward on the _________?
femur, tibia, tibia, femur
13 bursae help protect the ______
knee