UDL Key Terms & Concepts

Universal Design for Learning (UDL)
a learning approach that designs curricular materials and activities that have the flexibility to match learner strengths and needs so that students can reach their learning goals
universal design
to design curriculum and learning environments up front that will be flexible enough to bend and stretch as schools reach out to meet the needs of each learner
recognition system
the part of the brain used to recognize patterns in received information; it is part of the three-part framework of brain processing.
strategic systems
the part of the brain used to apply personal meaning to information received, and to sort and classify that information; it is part of the three-part framework of brain processing
metacognition
to think about one’s own thinking or learning process
affective systems
part of the three-part framework of brain processing that impacts the engagement or social interaction of the learner
Zone of Proximal Development (ZPD)
the area or difference between a person’s actual independent level of learning/problem solving and his/her potential level of development of higher-level learning/problem solving
spiral curriculum
a curriculum in which the basic concepts are taught and subsequently revisited as needed to enable to students to use concepts as a springboard for more-advanced learning
multiple intelligences
a theory developed by Howard Gardner that identifies and describes eight intelligence areas in which all individuals exhibit varying degrees of proficiency
learning preferences
to teach to and through a sensory preference; it is also referred to as a learning modalities approach
multiple means of representation
to provide students with a variety of ways to receive and interpret information; it is one of three qualities of UDL that focuses on recognition learning
multiple means of engagement
to use a variety of methods to motivate students; it is one of three qualities of UDL that focuses on affective learning
multiple means of expression
to provide students with different ways to respond to information received; it is one of three qualities of UDL that focuses on strategic learning
differentiated instruction
an instructional process that offers teachers flexibility in ways to teach students