AP Gov FRQ

Gerrymandering
manipulate the boundaries of (an electoral constituency) so as to favor one party or class.
Census
an official count or survey of a population, typically recording various details of individuals.
Congress

  1. the national legislative body of a country.
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  2. a formal meeting or series of meetings for discussion between delegates, esp. those from a political party or labor union or from within a particular discipline.

Majority Party
A two-party system is a system where two major political parties dominate voting in nearly all elections at every level of government and, as a result, all or nearly all elected officials are members of one of the two major parties.
Filibuster
an action such as a prolonged speech that obstructs progress in a legislative assembly while not technically contravening the required procedures.
Campaign Finance
Campaign finance refers to all funds raised in order to promote candidates, political parties, or policies in elections, referendums, initiatives, party activities, and party organizations. The funds could also detract from the opponents of the above.
Soft Money
a contribution to a political party that is not accounted as going to a particular candidate, thus avoiding various legal limitations.
Congressional Roles
he members of the House of Representatives serve two-year terms representing the people of a district. Congressional districts are apportioned to states by population using the United States Census results, provided that each state has at least one congressperson. Each state regardless of population has exactly two senators; at present there are 100 senators representing the 50 states. Each senator serves a six-year term, with terms staggered, so every two years approximately one-third of the Senate is up for election. Each staggered group of one-third of the senators are called ‘classes’. No state of the United States has two senators from the same class
Congressional Committee
A congressional committee is a legislative sub-organization in the United States Congress that handles a specific duty. Committee membership enables members to develop specialized knowledge of the matters under their jurisdiction.
Logrolling
the practice of exchanging favors, esp. in politics by reciprocal voting for each other’s proposed legislation.
Constitution
a body of fundamental principles or established precedents according to which a state or other organization is acknowledged to be governed.
Bicameral
(of a legislative body) having two branches or chambers.
Chambers

The House and Senate of the United States.

The parts that form the congress.