Assessment Test 1 Prep

Why do we “test”? 
– To see how students are doing- To see whether you have to reteach the material-To see if they have a full understanding 
What is educational assessment? 
The systematic process of gathering educationally relevant information to make instructional decisions.

 The process may be extended to make sure that the decisions are legal and appropriately provide special services. 

What are some of the variables that can play into how to assess students? 
Learning style, language competency, family appreciation for education, intelligence/cognitive ability
Behavior vs. Competency?
Behavior is things that can be seen, documented, produced (ie- spelling performence) Competency is the bigger picture (ie- inferences) 
What is criteria? 
Expected standards of behavior or performance
What is measurement? 
Collection of data; can be quantitative or qualitative (observations and evaluations) 
What are some of the different test characteristics/types? 
group vs. individual silent vs. oralspeed vs. powermax performance vs.

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typical performanceobjective (multiple choice) vs. subjective (open-ended)recognition vs. free responsesurvey/screening (collective) vs.

diagnostic (strengths/weaknesses) language vs. non-language (ESL students) 

What does RTI stand for? 
RTI: Response to Intervention   – time consuming and done by the teacher 
What is MTSS and what does it stand for? 
MTSS: multi-tiered system of support- top to bottom of pyramidUniversal (bottom- large group) Targeted (middle- smaller group) Intensive (top- one on one) 
What is evaluation? 
compares the data intra/interdependently
What are standardized tests and some characteristics?  
A systematic procedure for measuring a sample of an individual’s behavior; this sample can be indicative of the individual’s competence. Systematic in it’s content, administration, and scoring (to compare);
What are normative tests and characteristics of such?;
Achievement tests (such as NJASK, Terra Novas, SATs) that are standardized and normed;Normed: interpretation of students’ raw scores are compared to an “outside” reference group that is representative of the testesd students
What are summative assessments and when are they administered? 
Assessments administered to determine whether learning did occurr and to what degree 
What are classroom assessments? 
single assessments that reflects if curricula learning occured with all or particular students; can give indication as to whether instruction is working in general; can give info for programmatic decisions 
What are some examples of grading by the single assessment? 
spelling tests, science projects, math tests
What are some examples of grading by the term? 
report cards, promotions