Assessment Vocabulary

standard
knowledge or skill that a student is to learn
multiple binary choice item
test items with one stem and multiple yes/no questions
disaggregate scores
to look at how a certain group performs on a test
formative assessment
assessment given during a learning sequence
reliability
consistency of results produced by measurement devices
N
the number of individuals in a group
subgroup
students who share certain traits (girls, ELL, Asian, etc)
output measure
assessing what a person knows as a result of training
selected response items
items on which students choose a response
alignment
agreement between curriculum, instruction, and assessment
achievement gap
how different groups perform on a test
criterion-referenced tests
tests in which students are measured against a preset score
summative assessments
assessments given at the end of a learning sequence
norm-referenced tests
tests in which students are measured against one another’s score
constructed response items
items on which students generate an answer
distractors
wrong answer options on a multiple choice test
school demographics
ethnic, gender, socioeconomic make-up of a school
high stakes test
assessments that influence grade promotion, college acceptance
input measures
assessing how much training a person has had
validity
degree of correctness of teacher inferences
bias
unfair advantage
standards-based grading
assigning quarterly grades based on progress toward a standard
close-ended constructed response items
items on which students create a response and there is only one correct answer
item analysis
analyzing patterns in student errors
open-ended constructed response items
items on which students create a response and there is more than one correct answer