Asthma is a chronic inflammatory disease of the airways that causes airway hyper responsiveness, mucosal edema and mucus. Asthma can occur at any age its common chronic disease of childhood. Chronic exposure to airway irritants or allergens also increases the risk for developing asthma such as air pollutants, strong odor or perfumes, smoke, weed pollens dust, roaches or animal dander.
People with asthma experience symptoms when the airway tighten, inflame or fill with mucous. Common symptom if asthma are coughing usually occur on night, wheezing, shortness of breath, chest tightness, pain or pressure, interrupted talking, agitation and hyperinflation. Asthma treatment is the key to relieving symptoms and preventing the asthma treatment is the key to relieving symptoms and preventing the asthma attack. One of the long-acting control medications is corticosteroids which is the most common potent and effective anti inflammatory medications currently available. Effective in alleviating symptoms, improving airway function and decreasing peak flow variability. Asthma can’t be cured, proper asthma management includes environmental control which such as cleaning the house at least once a week, avoid pet feathers, wash the bedding, encase the mattress, pillows and box spring in dust proof cover. Use air-conditioner and keep the humidity in the house low. Another treatment would be lung function monitoring, it is said that asthmatic patients use a peak flow meter. Daily peak flow monitoring is recommended for all patients with moderate or severe asthma because it helps measure asthma severity and when added to symptom monitoring indicates the current degree of asthma control. Another Inflammatory group of medications are the bronchodilators which work to open up bronchial tubes so that more air can move through. Also this medication also helps clear mucus from lungs that could help expelled mucus easily. There are ways on how to control its symptoms of which is learning about asthma and its interventions to minimize asthma attacks. We can also prevent this disease by identifying and avoiding things that make asthma worse such as the causative agents like smoking, bust, molds, pollens and etc. a regular check up encourage also ourselves to have an appropriate environmental control. It is also said that breastfeeding can be preventive measure against early childhood wheezing and subsequent developing of asthma.
Asthma is chronic disease is somewhat a life threatening knowing that it can cause severe hypoxemia and can also manifest central cyanosis or poor oxygenation if not treated. It’s said to be most chorionic disease of childhood, so as individuals we should increase our knowledge regarding the pathology of asthma and the development of better medications and management plans for the death rate of this disease continues to increase. Quite alarming disease knowing that it can greatly affect our way of living a disruptive disease, affecting our school and work attendance, occupational choices, physical activity and general quality of life. Even though asthma doesn’t have any cure, still we can control to exist its symptoms by having a self discipline in a way that we should be knowledge and should have a proper nutrition and a good lifestyle as well. Environmental sanitation should be our primary preventive measure. Everyone must have to minimize to stop the use of cigarette, or anything that can trigger the development of asthma for patient’s asthma
condition will change depending upon the environmental activities, management
practices and other factors. In this way of interventions patients with asthma would
likely to know how to maintain near-normal pulmonary function or activity levels including exercise and other physical activities and can prevent recurrent exacerbation of asthma and lastly would meet satisfaction with asthma care.
American Association of Cardiovascular and Pulmonary Rehabilitation (1998) guidelines for pulmonary rehabilitation program (2nd Edition) Champaign, IL
Fritzgerald, J.M (2001). Evidence based asthma management. Hamilton, Ontario