Autism Assessment Terminology

Autism Spectrum Disorders
A neurological disorder that effects a person’s communication, social, and behavior skills.
Asperger’s Syndrome
considered a high-functioning form of autism
Applied Behavior Analysis (ABA)
the evaluation and modiication of a child’s environment to improve behavior
Types of Autism Spectrum Disorders
* Autism* Asperger’s Syndrome* PPerasive Developmental Disorder
Developmental Milestones
Skills or behaviors that most children can say or do by a certain age (crawling, walking, talking, etc.)
ADOS
Autism Diagnostic Observation Schedule-considered to be one of the best tools for diagnosing ASD
ADI-R
Autism Diagnostic Interview – Revisedtool used to diagnosis and assess severity of autism
DSM-IV
Dianostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders – lists the clinical criteria for diagnosing autism
Babbling
developmental milestone by six to nine months — the repetition of consonant-vowel combinations like “da da”
Eye-gaze
nonverbal behavior used to express emotions or exchange information without the use of words
Echolalia
repeating others (words, phrases, or sounds)
Functional Play
when a child uses objects for their appropriate or usual purpose
Idiosyncratic Language
language with private meaning that only makes sense to those using it
Repetitive Motor Mannerisms
stereotyped or repetitive movements of the body (handflapping, finger twisting, wringing hands, etc.)
Terms for Repetitive Motor Mannerisms
* self-stmulating behaviors* stimming
Self-injurious behaviors
one causes self-inflicted bodily harm (head banging, hitting the face, biting, etc.)
Restricted Patterns of Interest
a limited range of interests that are intense in focus;one becomes obsessed with a single topic
Rituals
specific and seemingly meaningless behaviors that one performs repeatedly (turning lights on and off)
Stereotyped Behaviors
an abnormal or excessive repetition of an action carried out in he same way over time
Compulsions
deliberate repetitive behaviors that follow specific rules, such as counting, checking or cleaning.