Benchmark Study Guide

What states border Georgia?
Tennessee, North Carolina, South Carolina, Florida, Alabama
Red Clay Soil
Piedmont
Dalton “Carpet Capital of the World”
Blue Ridge
I live here
Piedmont
Sandy soil
Coastal Plain
Largest Region
Coastal Plain
TAG Corner of State
Appalachian Plateau
Savannah & the Barrier Islands
Coastal Plain
Appalachian Trail starts here
Blue Ridge
Ellijay & Apples
Ridge & Valley
Atlanta
Piedmont
Ga’s Coastline
Coastal Plain
Okefenokee Swamp
Coastal Plain
Half of state’s population lives here
Piedmont
Highest Point in state/Brasstown Bald
Appalachian Plateau
Understand the effect of Georgia’s mild climate on: Businesses
less extreme weather, less worker’s sick days, less energy cost for heating and air
Understand the effect of Georgia’s mild climate on: Agriculture
longer growing season, greater variety of plants
Understand the effect of Georgia’s mild climate on: Tourism
attracts many tourists, lots of outdoor activities
Examples of Georgia’s products/goods/services
Peaches, pecans, Vidalia onions, chicken
Marble, kaolin, granite
carpet/textile manufacturing, tourism
ports of Savannah & Brunswick, MARTA (bus and train transportation in Atlanta for a lot of people), Hartsfield Airport
Names of the 4 prehistoric Indian culture
Mississippian
Archaic
Paleo
Woodland
Importance of: Oral traditions
tribe history is passed down from one generation to another in stories
Importance of: Burial mounds
Shows they believe in life after death
Importance of: Green Corn Ceremony
most sacred ceremony (about forgiveness and thankfulness)
Importance of: Agriculture
planting own crops supplements their food source & allows them to stay in one place.
Exploration: The “Northwest Passage”
water route that leads to Asia (fabled shortcut)
Exploration: Impact of ocean wind currents
they allowed ships to travel faster
Exploration: 1492= Columbus & San Salvador & Hispaniola (Near Cuba)
DOESN’T DISCOVER NORTH AMERICA! He lands in the Bahamas (Caribbean), Cuba, and San Salvador