Biological warfare is a concept that has its roots in history. In the Bible for example, the journey of the Israelites was marred by many uneventful happenings. Most of concern here is the issue of biological warfare which is well outlined in the Book of Numbers Chapter 21.
The Israelites had started grumbling against the Lord and Moses when the Lord sent venomous snakes that caused death by biting. Additionally, in the earliest literature of Homer and Iliad there is the concept of using poisoned spears in the Trojan War. The Victorian era has this concept too, when we find the aspect of biological warfare in Shakespearean literature in the play ‘Hamlet’ where both Hamlet and the King die due to injury from a poisoned sword and wine respectively.
This serves to allude to the fact that literature is a reflection of the reality of a society therefore; biological warfare was rife in this society. In the context of the meaning biological warfare, many definitions have been put forward in an attempt to explain various issues and interests. Dire in his journal Biological Warfare Agents, defines it as any toxic substance or organism capable of being used to kill, maim, render useless or stop an imminent foe or protection from one and it is found in nature .
The Biological and Toxins Weapons Convention, 1972, defines biological warfare as microbial substances or toxins of different modes of production or origin, the different categories and measures which have no legality in medical use, offensive or peaceful applications.
Using these definitions, I will define biological warfare as the use of micro biologically identified substances and toxins that are in supply or made by man from nature to cause large scale destruction, kill, render useless, gain protection from one or stop an imminent foe in a manner that is inhumane and disregards life.
The concern of this paper thus, will be to deal with the historical development of biological warfare on the perspective that it is morally wrong if it is meant for the termination, maiming and rendering useless of a life, whether of animals, humans or plants no matter the strained relationship or the cause of such aggravated reasons behind such motives .