Bipolar disorder

Bipolar disorder describes mood disorders. It is also known as manic-depressive illness.

Bipolar disorder results in unusual shifts in the person’s mood, energy and functioning ability of a person. In bipolar disorder, both the depression and mania are present at the same time. According to the severity of the disease, bipolar disorder has been divided into bipolar I, bipolar II, cyclothymia and the range of the disease is described as bipolar spectrum. It results in poor school performance, poor job, damaged relationships and even it can lead to suicide.Bipolar disorder develops in early adulthood or in late adolescence. It is a long-term illness like diabetes or heart disease and so it should be carefully managed all through the life. The bipolar disorder has symptoms of manic episode and depression episode.

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Some of the symptoms of manic episode are: • Excessive energy, Restlessness and activity • Extreme irritability • Lack of sleep or sleeping too much • Aggressive behavior, poor judgment Some of the symptoms of depression episode are: • Empty mood, lasting sad • Hopelessness feelings• Difficulty in making decisions, concentrating and remembering • Suicide attempts or thoughts of death A moderate level of mania is known as hypomania. Hypomania may be associated with good functioning, when family and friends recognize the mood swings and advice the person about the illness, he may deny the statements. Hypomania can switch into depression or it can even become severe mania. The symptoms of psychosis can be seen in the severe episodes of depression or mania. Causes of bipolar disorder: Most of the scientists say that there are many causes that lead to bipolar disorder.Bipolar disorder can be caused by the specific genes- DNA’s microscopic building blocks. This influences on how the mind and body works and grow. The scientists are indicating that both the genes and other factors are responsible to cause bipolar disorder.

Treatment of bipolar disorder: Bipolar disorder is a long term disease and it is recommended that it should be treated with long term preventive treatment. Treatment should consist of both psychological treatment and medication. The treatment should be continuous.Whenever the mood change occurs, it should be reported to the doctor. Bipolar disorder can be understood by the family with the help of family psycho education and how it affects the patient. (Sara selis, 2007) To better understand the illness, one should always keep a chart of sleep patterns, daily mood symptoms, life events and treatments. With the help of this chart, doctor can track and cure the disease effectively. Resources Sara selis, 2007, psychiatric times, CMP medica, USA.

http://www. psychiatrictimes. com/bipolar-disorder/article/10168/54376