Bipolar Disorder and Effectiveness of Psychoeducational Training

Bipolar disorder had been one of the most common personality disorders, yet so many are undiagnosed, and those who are, often become the subject of scorn and stigma.

According to the National Institute of Mental Health (2006), about 2. 6 percent of the American population has bipolar disorder, and about 30 percent of which are accurately diagnosed and receive treatment. It has also been reported that on average, patients with bipolar symptoms take about 10 years before they are diagnosed with bipolar disorder.More often, patients with bipolar are misdiagnosed, and the most of common of which is depression for females and schizophrenia for males (Kupfer, 2005). This would also mean that bipolar patients are treated for a particular condition other than having bipolar. Although bipolar disorder is not curable, it can easily be managed and the success rate for most patients had been as high as 80 percent for lithium, however, having a one-on-one treatment support group improved the success rate of patients.A number of researches had found that having a positive support group significantly improved the patient’s condition in terms of compliance with treatment activities and medication (Weiss, Najavits, & Greenfield, 1999).

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Bipolar patients may need hospitalization especially when their mood swings become more frequent and causes them to become violent towards themselves and others. Patients who had successfully managed their conditions have fewer hospital visits and are able to lead almost normal lives.Recent research found that family members play an important role in the compliance and management plan of the patient, but most people do not have enough knowledge about the disorder and this is where psychoeducational programs for family members, spouses, parents and friends are necessary (Weiss, Najavits, & Greenfield, 1999). Psychoeducational programs have also been developed in coordination with the medical and psychotherapy aspects of the disease.The objective of which is to provide patients and those who will be involved in his or her treatment information and knowledge about the symptoms of the disorder, relapse prevention and manic and depressive attacks (Weiss, Najavits, & Greenfield, 1999). Psychoeducational programs however had lacked program assessment in terms of how effective it was to increase the knowledge and awareness of the family members of the disorder.Also in the teaching and mastery of response behaviors to patients who suffer from manic or depressive episodes.

A review of the literature revealed that very few studies had been found to directly measure the effectiveness of the programs; instead, it becomes apparent that more research in this area is needed (Reinares, Colom, Martinez-Aran, Benabarre, & Vieta, 2003). This project paper aims to provide information about the prevalence of psychoeducational program specifically for bipolar support groups and family systems.This project also hopes to provide a description of the current psychoeducational programs and its role in the lives of bipolar patients. Lastly, this project will measure the effectiveness of the said programs, in terms of the satisfaction that the family members and patients have about the psychoeducational programs. The knowledge that this project will provide will serve as basis for identifying the best psychoeducational program, which effectively aids the bipolar patient and his or her family members.

This can also be used as basis for policymaking (Zaretsky, 2003). The literature search in this study involves the bottom-top methods and enough references and resources for the students had been made available. The methods in this study will largely lead to quantitative methods as it is the most efficient. References Kupfer, D. J.

(2005). The increasing medical burden in bipolar disorder. JAMA, 293(20); 2528-2530. Reinares, M. , Colom, F. , Martinez-Aran, A.

, Benabarre, & Vieta, E. (2003). Therapeutic interventions focused on the family of bipolar patients, Psychotherapy and Psychosomatic, 71, 2–10. Weiss, R. D.

, Najavits, L. M. , & Greenfield, S. F. (1999). A relapse prevention group for patients with bipolar and substance use disorders. Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment, 16, 47–54.

Zaretsky, A. , (2003). Targeted psychosocial interventions for bipolar disorder, Bipolar Disorder, 5, 80–87.