Breaking using techniques in his works such as

Breaking the
mould’ can be considered as an extensive theme and can cover many aspects of
theatre. The theme itself is the act of doing something different and
challenging the normality of a situation or subject and can be done by using
many controversial techniques. Bertolt Brecht and Steven Berkoff’s works and
techniques are known for being debatable and for ‘Breaking the mould’. Brecht
created his own type of theatre by using techniques in his works such as the
use of placards, bright white light of reason and by breaking the fourth wall,
his work was known as ‘Epic theatre’. However, Berkoff work was known as ‘total
theatre’. This was because the use of mime and physical theatre in his works.

Bertolt
Brecht was influenced by many sources throughout his years of working as an
actor and playwright and throughout his upbringing and childhood. One of these
influences includes Brecht being fascinated by Greek tragedy, where he would
add his own techniques to the pieces to make them his own. To add to this he
also was involved in the politics around the world and as Brecht lived his
youth during both WW1 and WW2 he used his Epic theatre to address political and
social issues and to criticize the Western European lifestyle and culture.

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“Those who are against Fascism without being against capitalism, who lament
over the barbarism that comes out of barbarism, are like people who wish to eat
their veal without slaughtering the calf”. This quote said by Bertolt Brecht
himself shows his understanding and interest in problems with the Nazis and
Fascism, which occurred during Brecht’s lifetime. The metaphors that Brecht
uses suggest that people who support Capitalism, support Fascism as they both
link together, however Brecht also adds that if a person agrees with capitalism
and does not support Fascism, the person agrees with the end result but cannot
commit to the process of getting there. 
This links to Brecht’s own personal beliefs as Brecht believed in
communism and criticized the idea of fascism. Brecht also moved to East Germany
after WW2 which was a highly Soviet occupied area.

One of
Brecht’s well known works include ‘Fear and Misery of the Third Reich’ (1944.)
The Nazis and Hitler’s regimes influence the writing of this play and it
explores how different households; particularly Jewish residents were affected
by Hitler’s uprising during the 1930s. Brecht wrote this play to publically
announce his criticism of Adolf Hitler and the Nazi Party. As Brecht discusses
taboo subjects he is “Breaking the Mould’ This was uncommon in the
1930’s-1940s, as most people feared going against Hitler due to the
consequences, which would follow. Some of the consequences for going against
Hitler included imprisonment and in some cases execution. Brecht did fear for
his life after publicly announcing his thoughts on the Nazis, which led to him
leaving the country for fear of being captured, however Brecht felt very
strongly about the injustice the citizens of Germany were going through which
led him to write this play. In one particular scene, ‘The Chalk Cross’, in
‘Fear and Misery of the Third Reich’ we see a household where ‘the man of the
house’ is a SA man working for Hitler and suspects that their cooks brother
(The Worker) is against Hitler. A significant moment seen in the scene is when
the SA Man and the chauffeur are seen proudly shouting “Heil Hitler” however
the Worker is seen mumbling this. This shows the audience that the worker does
not agree with Hitler and his views and this is when the SA Man starts to
suspect that. Throughout the scene we see the SA Man provoking the worker into
admitting he is against the Nazis as the SA Man says to the worker “Go on,
you’ve got something on your chest. Your lot always have” This quote suggest
that the SA man separates himself and the worker due to their different beliefs
and thoughts and he refers to him and people that don’t believe in Hitler as
“Your lot.” During this time, the character ‘The Worker” can be related to
Brecht as his opposition towards the Nazis is clear. By doing this Brecht can
be considered as one of the most controversial practitioners as he uses the
techniques of “Breaking the Mould.” Some of the techniques that Brecht used
during ‘Fear and Misery of the Third Reich’ include breaking into a dance and
song this technique reminds the audience that they are watching a performance
and not to get too involved with their feelings for the characters and plot of
the piece.