Charles II is restored to the English Throne, beginning the Restoration Period (ending of commonwealth)-establishes royal society
Charles II’s club for intellectuals, indicative of his love for science and the development for knowledge
The Glorious Revolution: deposition of James II; William of Orange reigns
Who reigns in the restoration?
Charles II, James II, William of Orange, George
Act of Union unites Scotland/England into Great Britain
Who reigns in the 18th century?
George I, II, III
What is another name commonly given to the 18th century?
The Age of Reason; Age of the Enlightenment
18th century literary themes
reason > passion, forbidden knowledge, deism, rebirth, satire, individualism, skepticism
Paradise Lost, The Pilgrim’s Progress, Dryden Poems, Oroonoko
18th century literature
Rasselas, Gulliver’s Travels, “Rape of the Lock”
restoration/18th century authors
Jonathan Swift, Alexander Pope, John Dryden, John Bunyan, Aphra Behn, SAMUEL JOHNSON, James Boswell, Daniel Defoe, Sir Isaac Newton, Henry Fielding, Lawrence Stern, Addison & Steele
18th century literary style
rise of the novel and the editorial journal
3 styles of novels in the 18th century
epistolary (letters), gothic romance, picaresque (rogue hero in a corrupt society)
What does Swift satirize in Gulliver’s Travels?
Part 1: Lilliput and Blefescu; Foreign relations and English governmentPart 2: Brobidingnagians: Foreign relations, response to part 1 and English society Part 3: Floating city of Laputa; Royal Era and speculative worldPart 4: Houyhnhnms and the Yahoos; commentary on human herd mentality
The blending of heroic and comical elements
Rape of the Lock
Epic poem by Alexander Pope that satirizes the lives of English royalty, following Belinda and a Sylph until the dreaded denouement: she loses a piece of hair.
Main character of “Rape of The Lock” who wakes up at noon every day and overreacts to losing her hair
Card game played by Belinda and the Baron at Hampton Court
Bystander who makes feminist speech after she sees Belinda’s hair cut
Where does Belinda’s lock go?
To the heavens
earth gnome who returns to Hampton Court with a bundle of sighs and tears so that Belinda reacts dramatically
Belinda’s guardian Sylph in Rape of the Lock
school of religion that believes in the existence of a supreme being, specifically of a creator who does not intervene in the universe. critical of organized religion. included members such as Paine, Jefferson, Voltaire, Pope, et al.
Poetic structure of the 18th century
What is special about the early novel Oroonoko?
First novel about slavery