Bugs

Coot’s disorder is polytheism, which occurs because of excess number of erythrocytes in the blood. This disorder may result from bone marrow cancer (polytheism Vera) or secondary polytheism. The increased in slowness of the blood result from polytheism. Discuss why Martina, who has blood type A, cannot receive blood type B during a transfusion. Martina has the antigen for blood type A on her red blood cells.

During infancy, her body built anti-B antibodies since she lacked that antigen in her blood. If she receives a transfusion of blood type B, her body will already have the anti-B antibodies in place. Agglutination will occur as the anti-B antibodies bind and clump to the foreign B antigen. The red blood cells will be lased, hemoglobin will be released into the blood stream, and these events could possibly lead to a transfusion reaction. Explain how the anatomy of a granulocytic differs from that of an granulate.

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Granulocytic and granulocytic are both considered as types of Webs (white blood cells). This classification is based on the presence or absence of cytoplasm grand ales, nuclear shape, and affinity for laboratory stains or dyes. Leukocytes (Webs) are considered as a main cellular component of blood. Webs are larger than erythrocytes and are found in less numbers than erythrocytes. Unlike erythrocytes, leukocytes can exit the blood by assuming amoeba-like behavior to wriggle through narrow capillary pores, and do their function in various tissues.

The main function of leukocytes is to defend the body against infective pathogens and foreign materials. Granulocytic (polyurethane’s leukocytes): leukocytes characterized by the presence of differently staining granules in their cytoplasm when viewed under light microscopy. These granules are membrane-bound enzymes that act primarily in the digestion of undisclosed particles. There are three types of granulocytic: interruptions, basophilic, and sinkholes, which are named according to their staining properties.

Granulocytic (mononuclear coyotes): leukocytes characterized by the apparent absence of granules in their cytoplasm. Although the name implies a lack of granules these cells do contain non-specific agoraphobic granules, which are lissome. The cells include lymphocytes, monocot’s, and macrophages. Describe the three phases of the normal blood clotting process Phase 1 : Creation of the Prohibiting Activator According to Elaine N. Marine, A series of enzymes are activated in sequence leading to factor X, which is also an enzyme.

When factor X has been activated, it combines with calcium ions, platelet factor 3 that has been released by platelets and factor V, a protein, to form prohibiting activator. Platelet factor 3 shortens the clotting time. All of these chemicals are found in the blood, so this phase begins immediately following the injury. This is the slowest phase in the sequence. The other two phases require only 10 to 15 seconds total once phase 1 is finished. Phase 2: Formation fathoming Marine goes on to say that prohibiting activator from phase 1 combines with a protein found in the plasma called prohibiting.

The result is an enzyme called thrombi. Enzymes are chemicals that are very active. They cause things to happen and continue the cascade of events leading to the clot. Phase 3: Formation of the Fibrin Mesh Marine concludes by saying foreigner is a liver protein found in the blood plasma. When exposed to thrombi, foreigner turns into fibrin. Fibrin is a molecule that is long and sticky. It adheres the plug of platelets together into an insoluble mass. Factor XIII is also formed that links the fibrin strand together to strengthen the clot.

At this point the clot has been formed. After a half hour to an hour, a further process occurs to contract the entire clot to make it stronger. Which situation do you predict to prompt the release of more erythrocytes into the blood? Anemia or polytheism? Explain. Any decline in the level of oxygen in the blood prompts the kidneys to release more erythrocytes into the blood. Anemia is a decrease in the blood’s ability to transport oxygen for any reason while polytheism is an excessive or abnormal increase in the number of red blood cells.

Therefore, anemia would prompt the release of more erythrocytes so that the blood could transport more oxygen. Describe ABA and Re blood groups. The ABA system consists of A, B, ABA, and O blood types. People with type A have antibodies in the blood against type B. People with type B have antibodies in the blood against type A. People with ABA have no anti-A or anti- B antibodies. People with type O have both anti-A and anti-B antibodies.