CDV360_Midterm

Adolescence
Children ages 10 to 20 years oldoccurs between the puberty period emerging into adulthood
puberty
the set of biological changes involved in reaching physical and sexual maturity in a universal and biological changes.changes that take place in young people at different time of life
the transition to adulthood
adolescence to when child turns 18 years oldbecome legally an adult and can voteother culture: relative to the culture
The Scientific Method; what are the steps
It refers to the truthfulness of the method.(Shaughnessy & Zechmeister, 1985).The measure/method measures what it claims to measure.

Reliability“a method has reliability if it obtains similar results on different occasions (Shaughnessy & Zechmeister, 1985).IQ test exampleValidity is more difficult to obtain than reliability

Methods used in
questioninterviewsethnographybiological factorsexperimentalinterventions
The Endocrine System Are:
forms by several glands in various parts of the body
Eggs and Sperm Production
are the development of gametes in both boys and girlsGirls: 400k immature eggsby puberty a female has about 80k eggs per ovaryfirst Period: MenarcheBoys: no sperm in the testes until pubertyFirst Perm: Spermarche
gonads aretwo sex hormones
Sex glands in the ovaries and testesAndrogens: responsible the primary and the secondary male sex characteristics. Estradiol most important: Estrogens for women
the primary and the secondary sex hormones are:they appear in girl and boys?
the primary sex hormones: sperm and eggsthe secondary are facial and breast
the first periodwhen do girls start to ovulate regularly
not equal to the first Ovulationfour years after their first period
early or late puberty happens?
due to genetic factorenvironment factors (stress)positive or negative
Explains a development end point for Piaget?
maturation: when a child go from the end of a stage to beging of the next stage.
schema?Assimilation?Accommodation?
the way a child process information understand how things work.

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Assimilation: when a child associate something for new things that look like the old one.Accommodation: when a child add the old information to the new one and make them the same.

Formal Operational stage
12 to adult: more logical/critical thinkingthinking science
Complex thinking?Sarcasm?Metacognition?
speak metaphoricallyyoung children are more sarcastic than adultthinking outside the box
Abstract Thinking?Complex Thinking?Pragmatism?
Think Hypothetically, faiththink criticallylogical thinking with practical costraint
Neurons?
are nerve cells that send and receive electrical signals over a long distance within the body
Synapses: two types:
synaptogenesis: begins before birth increase after birtsynaptic: pruning
Glial CellsMyelination?why myelin
makes myelinthe formation of myelin sheath around the nerve fiberto protects and insulates axons (cleaning crew)
how many neurons-stages of Development?
ThreeProliferation: rapid development of new celsMigration: sorting cell to it’s primary areasDifferentiation: final working areas