Ch. 3 Key Terms

Bilingual education
Instruction in both english and a student’s native language
Conflict mediation
Formal efforts to help students solve their differences peacefully
Process of educating and socializing a group to make it similar to the dominant culture

Sum of the learned characteristics of a people which may be tied to geographical region

Education for All Handicapped Children Act

Federal law that requires all states to provide a free and appropriate public education to children between the ages of 5 and 18 with disabilities

English as a Second Language (ESL)

Instructional program designed to teach English to speakers of other languages


e pluribus unum

Latin term meaning “one out of many”

Equal Educational Opportunity

access to resources, choices, and encouragement each student needs to achieve his or her fullest potential through education, regardless of race, color, national origin, gender, disability, or socioeconomic status


term describing a group of people with a common tradition and a sense of identity that functions as a subgroup within the larger society; membership is largely a matter of self-identification

Exceptional Learner

a child who has a special ability or disability that sets him or her apart from other children

gender bias


discriminatory treatment, often subtle or unconscious, that unfairly favors or disfavors individuals because they are female or male



potential for high performance due to strengths in one or more of the following areas: general intellectual ability, specific academic aptitude, creative or productive thinking, leadership skill, ability in the visual or performing arts, and psycho-motor development


Inclusive Education

education designed and offered to all people regardless of their physical, social, emotional, or intellectual characteristics

Individualized Education Program (IEP)

plan approved by parents or guardians that spells out what teachers will do to meet a student’s individual needs

Individuals with Disabilities ;Education Act (IDEA)

1990 act of Congress that amended the Education for All Handicapped Children Act by changing the term ;handicapped; to ;with disabilities; and by extending a free and appropriate education to every individual between 3 and 21 years of age, regardless of the nature or severity of the disability

Limited English Proficiency (LEP)

categorization of students who are qualified for instruction in English as a Second Language


unlicensed teacher;s aid


state of society in which members of a diverse society maintain their unique characteristics


classification that is not typically chosen but is instead assigned by others

Title IX

provision of the 1972 Education Amendments Act that guarantees that individuals may not be excluded on the basis of sex from any education program or activity receiving federal financial assistance