Chronic inflammatory skin disorder of the sebaceous glands characterized by comedones and blemishes. Usually related to hormonal changes. Also known as Acne Simplex and Acne Vulgaris
What is a comedone or blackhead?
Non inflamed build up of cells, sebum, and debris in a follicle which has oxidized.
What is a Furuncle?
Subcutaneous abscess filled with pus.
Also, called boils, which is caused by bacteria in the glands or hair follicles.
What are milia or whiteheads?
Whitesh, pearl like masses of sebum and dead cells under the skin w/no visible opening, hardened and closed over. Common in dry skin and around the eyes, cheeks and forehead. Milia is a name of the disorder of the sebaceous glands.
What is seborrhea?
Severe oiliness of the skin, abnormal secretion of the sebaceous glands.
What is Rosacea or Acne Rosacea?
Inflammation of the skin, chronic congestion primarily on the cheeks and nose. Characterized by redness, dilation of the blood vessels and in severe cases the formation of papules and pustules. The cause is unknown, but may be due to bacteria, mites or fungus.
What is the name of the disorder caused by sebum deficiency?
What is sebaceous hyperplasia?
Benign lesions frequently seen in oiler places of the face.
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What is the name of inflammatory, painful itching disease of the skin, acute or chronic in nature, with dry or moist lesions?
What is herpes simplex 1?
The strain of herpes virus that causes fever blisters and cold sores, recurring contagious viral infection consisting of a vesicle or group of vesicles on a red swollen base.
Blisters usually appear on the lips or nostrils. Simplex 2 infects the genitals.
What is chloasma?
Increased pigmentation – liver spots
What is Psoriasis?
A skin disease characterized by red patches covered w/white scales caused by over exfoliation of skin cells replicating too fast. Usually found in patches on scalp, elbows, knees, chest and lower back.
Warts – Hypertrophy of papillae caused by a virus.
What is impetigo?
Bacterial infection of the skin that often occurs in children. Characterized by small blisters or crusty lesions filled w/bacteria – Very contagious
What is Tinea?
Fungal infections – athletes foot
What is Tinea Corporis?
Ringworm – Highly contagious
What is tinea versicolor?
A yeast infection which inhibits melanin production.
Name n explain 4 stages of acne.
Grade I – Minor breakouts, mostly open comedones & few papules.Grade II – Many closed comedones, more open comedones and occasional papules and pustules.Grade III – Red & Inflamed – many comedones, papules and pustules.
Grade IV – Cystic Acne – Cysts w/comedones, papules and pustules. Inflammation is present and scare formation is common.
Name 4 causes of Acne.
Genetics/HeredityClogged PoresBacteriaTriggers – Hormone, stress, cosmetics and skincare products.
Under what circumstances can an esthetician perform services on a client with an infectious disease?
How can you help a client with Rosacea?
Advise the client to see the doctor.
Which of the following is a disorder of the sudorifierous glands?Miliaria RubraPsoriasisContact dermatitisEczema
What are sebaceous glands attached to ?
From which protein is the epidermis made?
Diagnosing skin conditions is not within the scope of your?
When the skin is injured it can cause
Lesions that are in the early stage of development are called?
The medical term for freckles is?
What is the correct term for an insect bite, skin allergy reaction or sting that becomes itchy and swollen?
Scratching or scraping the skin can produce a/an?
A thin plate of epidermal cells is called
What is the medical term for chronic inflammation of the sebaceous glands?
Inflammation, dry or oily scaling or crusting, and/or itchiness is caused by?
Pearl like masses of white material under the skin w/no visible openings are called?
When oilier areas of the face develop benign lesions, it is called?
Disorders of the sudoriferous glands include ?AnhidrosisHyperhidrosisBromhidrosisAll answers
A condition characterized by bacteria and yeast that causes a foul odor is called?
Perspiration deficiency caused by failure of the sweat glands is called?
When excessive heat exposure causes an acute inflammatory disorder of the sweat glands it is called?
Atopic Dermatitis is ?
A condition characterized by painful itching and inflammation with dry or moist lesions is called.
The medical term for hives is called?
Pruritis is a condition characterized by
Spicy foods, alcohol, caffeine, exposure to extreme temperatures, heat and stress aggravate?
Red patches covered with white-silver scales on the scalp, elbows, knees, chest and lower back are characteristics of
The medical term for a distended capillary is
Estheticians commonly develop skin allergies on the ?
CheeksFingers and PalmsBacks of hands
What can exposure to an allergen cause?
Allergic reactions to estheic treatments are commonly found in these areas?
Scalp, hairline, forehead and neckline
Substances that can irritate the skin are called
What is a port wine stain?
The general term for a dark blotchy spot on the skin is called?
When the entire body lacks melanin, it is called?
Congenital spotty hypopigmentation is called?
What is the medical term for a callus?
Keratosis pilaris can be treated y an estetician with a _____________ service.
A thickening of the skin caused by a mass of keratinized cells is called?
A non viral flap of skin is called a ?
What causes 90% of skin cancers?
Photoaging can be seen in the
20s or before
Eighty percent of sun damage occurs by the age of
What is the most deadly form of skin cancer?
What describes the appearance of malignant melanoma?
AsymmetricalUneven bordersUneven colors
This term is interchangeable with infections or communicable
The medical term for cold sores or fever blisters is ?
Herpes Simplex Virus
What is the medical term for ringworm?
Comedones and blemishes are symptoms of what condition?
P. Acne bacteria are ______________, meaning they can’t live in the presence of oxygen.
Nodules w/deep pockets of infection are called.
Acne in the dermis that causes depressed and raised scars is called
All male hormones are called
Which group of people are most likely to have adult acne?MenWomenRetireesMidwesterners
When the chin develops acne, it can be caused by?
Which type of product causes clogged pores?
Identify the acne irritants:MSG and minerals obtained from the oceanIodides and fast foodKelp and cheeseAll answers
Grade I acne symptoms include
minor breakouts, mostly open comedones, a few papules
Red and inflamed skin, many comedones, and papules and pustules are characteristics of which grade acne?
Grade 3more than 25 lesions
Medications that treat acne include?Tretinoin (Retin A)AdapaleneAzelaic AcidAll answers
What is an Ulcer?
e.g in rodent ulcerAtropy- Loss of thickness or substance of the epidermis, dermis or other tissue.