Chapter 11 Understanding Reading Problems

A learning disability is a
severe problem in learning that qualifies a child for special education services
specific learning disability definition in IDEA
page 448
learning disabilities refers to a group of disorders that include
significant disabilities in the acquisition and use of listening, speaking, reading, writing, reasoning or mathematical disabilities
Definitions of learning disabilities share these characteristics:
ld caused by central nervous system dysfunction
information prcessing difficulty interferes with academic or learning tasks
Children with ld show marked discrepancy between potential and actual achievement
other cause for the difficulty are ruled out
Poor readers need
instruction that is tailored to their needs, placed in appropriate materials at their instructional levels, provided instruction that balances word identification, comprehension, listening, speaking, and writing, taught at a pace that is challenging without frustration.
Phonemic awareness is a child’s recognition that
words and syllables can be broken into smaller units, individual speech sounds called phonemes