Ingredients in cosmetic products that allow the products to spread, give them body and texture and specific form such as a lotion, cream or gel.
What are performance ingredients?
INgredients in cosmetic products that cause the actual changes in the appearance of the skin.
What is Phytotherapy
The use of plant extracts for theraputic benefits.
How is cosmetics defined by the FDA?
Articles that are intended to be rubbed poured sprinkled or otherwised applied to the human body or any part thereof for cleansing beautifying promoting attractiveness or altering the appearance.
What are cosmeceuticals?
Products intended to improve the skin’s health and appearance.
What are Hypoallergenic ingredients?
Ingredients that may be less likely to cause allergic reactions.
What are noncomedogenic.
Ingredients that; will not clogged pores or cause comedones.
What do emollients do for your skin?
Lubricate, moisturize and prevent water loss.
Name all the emollients that you know.
Oils from earthoils from plantsfatty acidsfatty alcoholsfatty esterssilicones
What is comedogenicity?
is a tendancy of any topical substance to cause or worsen a buildup of dead cells in the follicle leading to a development of a comedo.
What is carbomers?
Certain vehicle ingredients added to thicken products or help suspend ingredients that are hard to mix into a product.
How do you describe preservatives?
Important functional ingredients in many skin care and cosmetic products. Preservatives prevent bacteria and other microbes from living in products. without preservatives products could easily be contaminated with bacteria fungi molds or other microbes that could cause disease in a person using the product.
What are 3 basic forms of cleansers..
A facewashlotion andcreams
What is the name of detegent type foaming cleanser w/neutral or slightly acidic PH
A face wash
What skin type uses a face wash type of cleanser;
Oily or combination skin type
What is a cleansing lotion?
It is a water based emulsion for normal and combination skin.
What is a cleansing cream?
Oil based emulsion used primarily to dissolve makeup and dirt (good for dry or mature skin);
What are different types of toners?
Freshners have the lowest alcohol (0 to 4%) and are beneficial for dry and mature skin as well as for sensitive skin.Toners have an alcohol content of 5 to 15% and are designed for sue on normal and combination skin. They tone, or tighten the skin.Astrigent may have an alcohol content of up to 35% and are used for oily and acne skin.
What does exfoliation mean?
The term exfoliation refers to the peelign or sloughing of the horney layer of the skin.
What are 2 types of exfoliation?
What is mechanical exfoliation?
It is the method of physically rubbing dead cells of the skin(granualar scrubs, brushing machines)
What is chemical exfoliation?
In a chemical exfoliation dead skin cells are dissolved by chemical agents (AHA, BHA and enzymes)
What is the function of the clay mask?
They draw impuritties to the surface fo the skin as they dry and tighten. Clay also stimulates circulation and temporarily contracts the pores of the skin.
What is cream or gel mask designed for?
They are designed to nourish and moisturize the skin rather than deep cleanse it.
What are paraffin wax masks designed for?
They are used to warm the skin and promote penetration of ingredients deeper into the skin through the heat trapped under the surface.
What are the contraindications for paraffin masks?
Sensitive SkinSkin with capillary problemsOily skinskin w/blemishes
What skin type would benefit from modelage masks(thermal or heating mask)?
Dry, mature skin or skin that is dull looking.
What are serums?
Serums are made w/vitamins, lipids or antioxidants, and are usually thinner liquids. They are chemically formulated with smaller molecules that are able to penetrate further into the skin.
They are applied underneath moisturizers.
What are hydrators formulated with?
Hydrators are formulated with humectants that attact water to the skin.
What is a treatment cream designed for? (night creams)
They are designed to moisturize and conodition the skin especially during sleep, when normal tissue repair is taking place.
What are ampoules?
Ampoules are small, sealed vials containing a single application of a highgly concetrated extract in a water or oil base.
What ingredients benefit the skin?
Active ingredients (performance ingredients)
Which ingredients don’t work on the skin, but perform a function that helps the product?
Inactive ingredients (functional ingredients)
What do antioxidants do?
They neutralize free radicals before they attach themselves to the cell membrane and destroy the cell.
What are binders?
substances that bind, hold products together (glycerine)
What do emollients do?
Lie on the surface of the skin to prevent water loss, smooth and soften the skin.
What are healing agents?
Substances such as chamomile or aloe that heal the skin.
What do humectants do?
They draw moisture to the skin and soften the surface.
What do lubricants do?
They coat the skin and reduce friction.
What do preservatives do?
Kill bacteria and prevent products from spoiling
What are solvents?
Substances that dissolve other ingredients.
What do sufactants do?
Allow the cosmetic to be able to slip across onto the skin.
What are vehicles?
Spreading agents and other chemicals necessary to the formulation of a cosmetic (delivery system)
What ingredient can be a powerful antiseptic and solvent?
What is the name of the powder obtained from sodium borate?
Which ingredient is used as a super moisturizer?
Which ingredient is an excellent skin softener?
Glycerin (humectant and skin softner)
Which herb is commonly used in solution with alcohol and water as an astringent?
What is used as a dusting powder and in ointment for some skin conditions?
What is the name of the sea product containing minerals and phytohormones?
What ingredients are the basis for aromatherapy?
What is used in cold cream, hand lotions because of its ability to help heal wounds and skin ulcers and to stimulate the growth of healthy tissue?
What is derived from the chamomile plant and is effective on sensitive skin because of its anti-inflammatory and sootthing properties?
What is the drying ingredient with antibacterial properties?
What is anti-inflammatory plant extract?
Calendula (best for acne)
What agency is responsible for enforcing rules and regulations regarding products for public consumption?
In what order should all ingredients be listed on the lable of the product?
Descending order, according to the amount of the ingredient the product contains.
Where should you send consumer complaints?
The manufacturer and CC the FDA
What agency regulates the advertising of cosmetics?
The FTC – Federal Trade Commision
Which of the following soften and smooth the skin:AntioxidantsEmollientsFragrancesLubricants
What attracts moisture to the skin’s surface?;
If the client is allergic to sea weed, what can’t you use?
Anything containing algae
The FDA has jurisdiction over ?
What is a chelating agent?
A chemicaal that is added to cosmetics to improve the efficiency of the preservative. Chelating agents work by breaking down the cell walls of bacteria and other microbes.
Name all the delivery systems
Ingredients that improve cell metabolism and oxygenation
What are peptides?
Peptides are chains of amino acids used in skin care products to produce changes in teh skin’s appearance.
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