Chapter 13

Motivation 
involves the process that enerigize direct and sustain behavior.
List Four perspectives 

1. Behavior

2. Humanistic

3. Cognitive

4. Social 

Behavior
Emphasizes that learned nature of behavior
Humanistic
Personal growth of freedom of destiny and positive qualites.
Cognitive
Problem solving and other areas of behavior
Social
Stress the need for affiliation.
Extinsically
Influced by rewards and punishments
Intrinsic 
demonstrate self determination 
Self-determnination 
Internal movation in tasks
Strategies of Flow

Relevance of activity explained

Working w/materials

Est. mainted 

Set goals

working together

High expectations

 

Attribution 
Idividuals are motivated to discover underlying causes.
3 Dimensions 

1. Locus

2. Controlled ability

3. Stabiliy 

Master Motivation
Focus on task
Performance 
Outcome 
Two mindsets

1. Fixed-cannot be changed 

2. Growth-Change and their effort

Albert Bandura’s idea
One can master situation and produce positive outcomes.
Self-Worth

Nonperformance

Procrastination

Setting unreachable goals

;

Procrastination;

Ignoring

Underestimating

Spending hours on games/computer

Perserving on part of task

Choose between two objects