Chapter 15

American Federation of Teachers (AFT)
The nation’s second largest teachers’ association or union. Founded in 1916, it is affiliated with the AFL-CIO, the nation’s largest union.
Association of American Educators (AEE)
Established in 1994, the ____ is the nation’s largest nonunion professional organization of teachers.
in-service programs
Courses, workshops, or short retreats.
learning communities
Organizations in which all members are engaged in continuous learning and improvement efforts.
learning organizations
An organization that systematically learns from its experiences what works and what does not work, with the goal to increase innovation, effectiveness, and performance.
National Board for Professional Teaching Standards (NBPTS)
The professional agency that sets voluntary standards for what experienced teachers should know and be able to do in more that 30 different teaching areas.
National Education Association (NEA)
The nation’s largest teachers’ association, founded in 1857 and having a membership of over 3.2 million educators.
profession
An occupation or occupational group that fulfills certain criteria. Among other things, it must require training and knowledge, perform a social service, have a code of ethics, and have a sense of autonomy and personal responsibility.
professional development
The effort by a school or school district to improve the professional skills and competencies of its professional staff. Also called “in-service training” in education. Also called “staff development”.
in-service training
The efforts by a school or school district to improve the professional skills and competencies of its professional staff. Also called “professional development” or “staff development”.