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What are the major components of the Individual with Disabilities Education Improvement Act (IDEA)?
1. Nondiscriminatory identification, assessment, and evaluation2. Least restrictive environment3. Individualized educational programs4. Procedural safeguards
Section 504 of the Rehabilitation Act of 1973
provides protection for those with disabilities who do not fit the definitions under IDEA.
The Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA)
is civil rights legislation that prohibits discrimination and requires accessibility to buildings and their physical facilities.
formulating own view
Pedro Ponce de Leon: Teaching Deaf Adolescents (1590)
Ponce de Leon instructed wealthy boys who were deaf, these wealthy boys needed to know how to read in order to qualify for their inheritance.
Jean-Marc-Gaspard Itard (1799)
A young boy (Victor) was marginalized, Itard generated five goals to the mental and moral education of the young boy.1. Interest him in social life2. Awaken his nervous sensibility through stimulation3. Extending the range of his ideas and increasing social contact4.
Introducing him to speech5. Exercise in simple mental operations
Samuel Gridley Howe
worked with Laura Bridgeman, who was stricken with scarlet fever that left her blind and deaf. He developed a system similar to braille that allowed Laura to communicate with others.
Eugenics and Goddard
the science of human improvement by better breeding dominated social thinking in the 1900s. This led to the segregations and sterilization of individuals with cognitive disabilities. – Criminals, prostitutes, and individuals with the cognitive abilities of 12 year olds or younger were sterilized.
worked with mainly students of immigrant families who were believed to be idiots, she worked with cripples, and “misfits”. Her classroom emphasized motor skills and allowed for increased emphasize on socialization and self-expression.