Chapter 2 EDSP411

universal design for learning
learning approach that adapts to the individual learning techniques of each student so that certain goals can be met
universal design
products that are adapted to be used by everyone
expert learner
students who are engaged and are constantly going and expanding their knowledge
recognition system
patterns in the brain that receives and processes information
strategic systems
systems in the frontal lobe of the brain that gathers, receives, and identifies the meaning of information
processing past experiences and relating them to current experiences (thinking about thinking)
affective systems
found in the limbic system of the brain, also known as the emotional system. responsible for memory, emotion, and learning
zone of proximal development
difference between and individual’s learning/problem-solving level and their potential level of higher learning/problem-solving
spiral curriculum
curriculum that present the basic ideas of a subject and often refers back to them to advance learning and understanding of topics even further
multiple intelligences
8 intelligence areas that work together are are somewhat similar. (verbal/linguistic, logical/mathematical, musical/rhythmic, bodily/kinesthetic, visual/spatial, interpersonal, interpersonal, naturalist)
learning preferences
developing teaching methods around sensory preferences (visual, touch, etc.)
multiple means of representation
variety of ways to receive and understand presented information
multiple means of engagement
using many techniques to engage and motivate students to learn/understand information
multiple means of expression
how the strategic and motor system to evaluate how students respond to different types of information
executive functioning
using metacognition to process, evaluate, and understand information
differentiated instruction
allows teachers to be flexible in their techniques of presenting information, developing activities, and create instruction that meets the needs of all students
multi-tiered system of support
using RTL, UDL, and DI models to assist teachers for having the most inclusive classroom and learning experiences for all students