Chapter 5 Understanding Reading Problems

Assessing reading fluency is most simply measured by
counting the number of words children read per minute, minus the errors.
The measure Words Correctly Read per Minute is calculated using this formula
(125- 5) x 60/60 = 120 x 60/60 = 120 WCPM p151
Reading fluency consists not only of speed and correctness but
of reading with expression and proper phrasing.
Developing reading fluency should include these 4 emphases:
1. Model good oral reading2. Provide oral support for readers3. Offer plenty of practice opportunities4. Encourage fluency through phrasing
To introduce the very concept of fluent oral reading by demonstrating
disfluent reading, then fluent reading.
Multidimensional Fluency scale
Expression and volumePhrasingSmoothnessPacep 153
Qualities of fluent reading
Thinking about the message vs pronouncing the wordsVaries voice between loud/soft, faster/slowergroups words meaningfullyshows emotion, enjoyment, surprise, excitement
Provide oral support for reading with
choral readingpaired readingrecorded textsp154
Provide practice in oral reading by
rereading
Rereading integration with
read silently before oral readingencourage oral rereading for real purposerereading as seatwork, independent or for free reading periodsuse buddy readingtake home to read to family membersrevisit old favoriteslisten to recorded material, then imitate and read aloneact out stories with readers theater with scripts to readuse choral reading and performp 155
Repeated reading for fluency refers to a
systematic practice of using timed oral rereadings to develop reading fluency p 155
Repeated reading steps 1-7
figure 5.7 on page 156
Predictable books have a
rhyming or repetitious element that makes them easy to read
Easy readers
are book that children can read to themselves p159
High interest/low reading level books and magazines
books have limited vocabulary and sentence length p 159-160