Chapter four

Wat year did the world human population reach 1 billion?


 CHAPTER 4, p. 77

Both Marx and Malthus developed their theories about human population growth when understanding of the world, technology, and society were much different. What primarily formed Marx’s view on population growth?

The Industrial Revolution

CHAPTER 4, p. 77

What proved Malthus wrong in his predictions of famine and disaster?

Malthus was wrong in his predictions of famine and disaster 200 years ago because he failed to account for scientific and technical progress. In fact, food supplies have increased faster than population growth since Malthus’ time.

CHAPTER 4, p. 78

Why did Malthus and Marx disagree?

Malthus believed population growth is the ultimate cause of poverty and environmental degradation. Marx argued that poverty, environmental degradation, and overpopulation are all merely symptoms of deeper social and political factors.

CHAPTER 4, pp. 77&78

What is a demographic transition?

A typical pattern of falling death rates and birth rates due to improved living conditions usually accompanying economic development and stabilization.

CHAPTER 4, pp. 85&86; ; Glossary, p. 381