Child Development Test 2

Physical Development four main areasGross Motor
FlexibilityBalanceAgilityForce
Physical DevelopmentFine motor 
 organizationdetail in drawingsmore refined legible handwritinglinked with cognitive growth
  Rough and Tumble Play
   Some parent control has hurt rough and tumble play It is a physical and social thing for boys
 Key Physical Developmental Aspect in Middle Childhood
  Refinement
Why have obesity rates risen
lack of knowledgetendency to buy high fat low cost foodsfamily stress (overeating)
impact of obesity on child’s health and overall development
;

  • physical attractiveness
  • socially isolated
  • high emotional social and school difficulties
  • more behavior problems
  • can lead to serious disorders (defiance aggression and depression)
  • girls-early puberty

;

Cognitive DevelopmentConcrete Operational Stage
7-11 years oldMore logical, flexible, and organized
Decentration
;;focusing on several aspects of a problem and relating them rather than centering on just one
Reversability
;;capacity to think through a series of steps and then mentally reverse direction returning to the starting point
classification
the ability to focus on relations between a general category and two specific categories at one time (ie. three relations at once);ex. categorized pictures in class
seriation;
ability to order items in a quantitative dimension such as length or weight.;ex. paper strips.

Best services for writing your paper according to Trustpilot

Premium Partner
From $18.00 per page
4,8 / 5
4,80
Writers Experience
4,80
Delivery
4,90
Support
4,70
Price
Recommended Service
From $13.90 per page
4,6 / 5
4,70
Writers Experience
4,70
Delivery
4,60
Support
4,60
Price
From $20.00 per page
4,5 / 5
4,80
Writers Experience
4,50
Delivery
4,40
Support
4,10
Price
* All Partners were chosen among 50+ writing services by our Customer Satisfaction Team

short to long

seriation-transitive inference
ability to order things mentally not just physically manipulating things
spatial reasoning
understanding directions and maps
Piaget says that culture impacts…
WHEN those tasks can be mastered.;more formal school=earlier mastery of tasks
information processing;(computer model)
we operate much like a computer processor
mental strategies
1.

Sensory register (info enters through our senses)2. short term/working memory (we manipulate info to help store it)3. central executive (directs the flow of information/coordinates and assimilates new info4. long-term memory (permanent knowledge)

attention
young children are not sure what is important and what is relevant;young elementary- not consistent and efficient;older elementary- more organized and able to rehearse and elaborate upon info.
Sternberg’s triarchic theory of successful intelligence three parts
analytical creativepractical
 analytical
apply strategiesacquire task relevant and metacognitive knowledgeengage in self-regulation
creative
solve novel problems make processing skills automatic to free working memory for complex thinking  
practical
adapt to, shape, and or select environments to meet both  personal goals and the demands of ones everyday world
Gardner’s multiple intelligences
1. Linguistic2.

Logial/mathematical3. musical4. spatial/visual5. kinesthetic6. naturalist7.interpersonal8.intrapersonal

nature vs.

nurture;impacts on intelligence

nature– 60% genetically determined nurture– highly linked to child’s family SES
Test Bias
Test styles reflect patterns in middle and upper SES homes/schools
Intelligence tests
weschlerstanford-binet
two areas they test
1. verbal2. performance
4 parenting styles
authoritarian  (high demand–low responsiveness) authoritative (high demand– high responsiveness) permissive (low demand– high responsiveness) neglect (low/no demand– low/no responsiveness)
co-regulation
needed as children mature and get older
birth order
companionship and competition leadership and dependence
divorce and single parenting
stressors often=changes in parenting that are unhealthy (too permissive or strict) loss of income= less academic achievement for the child
employment
response of schools can impact support for families1. before and after school care2.

flexible assignments

self concept- 
major change between 8-11 emphasize general competencies
self esteem
adjusts to more realistic leveltied to specific abilitesattributions (mastery oriented, learned helplessness)
emotional self regualtion
children gain strategies for coping with strong emotions1. problem solving2. emotion focused
perspective talking
major advances occurhelps make improvements in social settings such as sports and in moral decision making
4 components of self esteem
academic socialphysical/athleticphysical apperance
moral development
equitymeritbenevolence