Cigarette Addiction

Cigarette AddictionCigarette is one of the tobacco products that comprise of dangerous chemicals such as tar, carbon monoxide, nitrosamines among others. Due to its dangerous chemical it harms nearly every organ of the body causing many diseases and thus compromising smoker’s health. Cigarette smoking has been identified as one of the global problem affecting many people worldwide.Thesis StatementWith their known dangers to human health, cigarette addiction pose a major health challenge to the global population. It is going to take concerted efforts from all the stakeholders and persons of goodwill to reduce the intake of tobacco especially by starters.It is estimated that one out of three smoke, with over 1.

2 billion people smoking worldwide. It is most disheartening that the youthful generation –aged between 35 and 69- is largely affected. Cigarette addiction is attributed to nicotine component of tobacco. Consequently, smokers continue to use tobacco products regularly to satisfy their desire for nicotine. Nicotine addiction is characterized by compulsive drug seeking and even in the face of negative health consequences. Studies have reported that many cigarette smokers continue to smoke yet they are well informed about the dangers of smoking.

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With regard to this, having appreciated the impacts and importance of cigarette smoking in the world, there is great need to intensify scientific research to identify mitigation measures to address this deadly and lethal product.Cigarette addiction is caused by many factors. Human brain constitutes substances such as neurotransmitter dopamine whose level increases rapidly with continuous intake of nicotine. This results in a pleasurable sensational feeling experienced by many smokers thus keeping their desire for more tobacco high. Nicotine pharmacokinetic properties also enhance the abuse potential. Cigarettes smoking produce a rapid distribution of nicotine to the brain with drug levels peaking within 10 seconds of inhalation. However, the acute effect of nicotine dissipate in few minutes as do the associated feeling reward which causes the pleasurable effect and prevent withdrawal.

Other tobacco ingredient apart from nicotine reacts with monoamine oxidase (MAO) enzyme responsible for breakdown of dopamine. Low level of MAO in the body result to increased level of dopamine, thus increasing smoking desire. Recently, National Institute of Drug Abuse (NIDA) has shown that acetaldehyde –tobacco products- reinforces nicotine properties, particularly to adolescent age structure thereby increasing desire for more. Other drives to drug addiction include: peer pressure, self-selection and stress relieve believe.Effects of cigarette addiction are diverse.

Many people in the world suffer due to the dangers of smoking by being active or passive smokers. Cigarette smoking has massive effects in the life of pregnant women. It has been reported that many mothers have lost their pregnancies as a result of smoking.

Smokers experience health complication. Cigarette contain carcinogen which damages important genes that control growth of cells thus causing abnormal growth. Carbon monoxide in cigarettes combines with hemoglobin in red blood cell. This adversely affects the oxygen circulation in the body and may result in suffocation.

Global warming is also attributed to increased tobacco utilization.In conclusion, Cigarette addiction is a major threat to human survival. In the 20th centaury it is documented that a 100 people were killed worldwide as a result of cigarette addiction related diseases and in United States of America it is estimated that an economic loss of $75 each year is attributed to smoking. This is alarming and therefore calls for an urgent response to be undertaken by governments, non-governmental organizations and the civil society to curb the trend.Work cited:Bock Gregory, Novatis Foundation and Jarmie Goods. Understanding nicotine and        tobacco addiction. John Wiley and Sons Pharmacology, 2006.

“Tobacco addiction.” National Institute for Drug Abuse. Wednesday September 6th,     2006  http://www.drugabuse.gov/researchreports/nicotine/nicotine.html