Community and Family Studies

Academic reference is considered a factor that has the potential to impact on one’s social and emotional wellbeing, thus school uniform policies additionally perform a role in this research and cross reference with the ‘government policy and legislation’ aspect in Groups in Context. In reference to the Community and Family Studies preliminary course, Resource Methodology (9. 1 the overall product is based on research methods and the collection and analysis of qualitative and quantitative data obtained via primary and secondary data. Literature Review (Secondary Data) In order to establish whether there is an improvement in academic achievements amongst high school students due to school uniforms, a review and study was conducted on existing resources and data.

The materials were accumulated via secondary sources including the Internet, articles and documents, journals and research papers, which were then analyses to act as support for my collected primary data and to aid in personal understanding. Source 1: “The Influence of a Mandatory School Uniform Policy’s In this document essay, the influence of a mandatory school-uniform dress code on academic achievement and discipline infractions is examined. The duty conducted is based on student gender and type of school district, comparing them to show the influence of this policy on elementary-school students in both rural and urban school districts. Only the schools that implemented the policy of mandatory school uniform in 1 996 had data for discipline infractions and academic achievements for the 1995-96 and 1996-97 school years were eligible for inclusion in the study.

The research conducted consisted of southern Florida school district students located in a predominately rural area. The researches final sample involved 80 elementary and 6 middle schools. The results gathered showed that both aural and urban elementary school students demonstrated an improvement in academic performance for the first year following the implementation of the school-uniform policy, thereby relates to my research hypothesis “School uniforms improve student academic achievements”, as observation and statistical data was undertaken to collect data for the researcher Chambers investigation. This essay is particularly useful as it provides a basis of international collection and analysis of data.

In regards to the research hypothesis of this project “School uniforms improve student academic achievements”, the research conducted by Chamber is of specific relevance as the main issue of the essay was to primarily explore the influence of mandatory uniform policy on student academic achievement as well as discipline. The results accumulated in the essay, depict the notion that uniforms did play a role in the improvement of academic achievements after implementation of the policy, thus assisting in proving the research hypothesis formulated as a basis of this project. The data gathered in the essay document was observed and analyses over a period of 1 year by a professional researcher, thus exemplifying extreme validity and reliability, as well as integrity.

Despite the essay including extensive facts and obtained primary data, it major lacks statistical information and graph interpretation thus may simultaneously sabotage this existence of validity, reliability and integrity as not much evidence is provided to support the findings, thus my independent project will strive to place findings in graphs for representation of evidence from data obtained via questionnaires. The investigation and observation conducted and portrayed in the essay document has in depth relevant information and sources concerning the school uniform and how it improves student academic achievements, which erectly relates to the research hypothesis of this project. The information gathered in the essay could be viewed as unbiased as it was primarily undertaken and written by a professional.

This essay document consists of efficient large amounts of data, extremely useful to proving the hypothesis Of the research, also providing effective background information in regards to the overall topic and individual understanding. It provides detailed in depth amounts of professional data; reliable, valid and relevant. However, this paper is based on statistics in the United States so it may somewhat differ to students from Australia. Source 2: “School Uniforms, Academic Achievement, and Uses of Research”2 School uniforms are being advocated for a range of social, educational, economic, and familial reasons, as defined in ‘The Journal of Educational Research (The JERRY. In 1 998, The JEER originally published an article ‘Effects of Student Illusions on Attendance, Behavior Problems, Substance Abuse, and Academic Achievement by D. Brunets and K.

Roquefort, claiming that school uniforms correlate negatively with students and their academic achievements, however, data presented by Ann Boding explicitly conveys costive correlation between school uniforms and achievement for the total sample of participants, contrasting the previously conducted article. The extensive examination of structure of arguments by Boding has revealed that the erroneous claim by D. Brunets and K. Roquefort, results from misleading use of sector analysis. The idea that uniforms affect test scores has not figured prominently in discourse on common school dress code, but in the study published by Brunets and Roquefort, uniforms correlate with lower test scores.

However, in a re-examination of the authors’ conducted factual results and related data, Boding has found no evidence to support their claim, whereas in her examination it is stated that there is a positive link amongst students and their dress code. The article provided illustrates relevant information about the dress code and its positive influence on academic performance, and is reliable and valid as it has been re-examined, thus moderately contemporary and up to date. Although the original claim was merely based on a negative connection amongst students and their dress code concerning their academic achievements, the newly provided factual ATA assists my research hypothesis as a consequential factor of uniforms improving students’ performance in a school environment.

This ‘JEER’ article by Boding is particularly useful in the means of proving the research hypothesis, on the basis of international data. The article’s main focus revolves around the idea that school uniforms do improve student academic achievements. Although the article is extremely relevant and benefits my project and understanding, it lacks statistical evidence and full analysis. The article could have been improved with additional extensive analysis and an interpretation of statistical data to purport the given information and presented in a clearer form, as the way in which it was presented was slightly confusing as well as lacking specific details, leaving the analysis of data up to me solely.

Despite its disadvantages, the overall journal and articles are extremely reliable and valid due to the information being researched and collected by a professional source, a director of academic advising, beneficial to the legitimacy and integrity. This journal as a whole including the article was relevant to my research project as it relates to my research hypothesis “School uniforms improve detent academic achievements”, focusing on relevant key issues that are in reference to the thesis, and the displayed information illustrated a contrast amongst articles which broadens my personal understanding of the topic as it shows immense research rather than a brief outline.

However, this paper is based on statistics in the United States so it may somewhat differ to students from Australia. Source 3 “Dressed for Success? The Effect of School Uniforms on Student Achievement and Behavior The research paper, ‘Dressed for Success? The Effect of School uniforms on Student Achievement and Behavior’, defines how the use of school uniform n public schools affects students. The research paper focuses on a unique data set from a large urban school district located in the United States, assessing how the school uniforms act upon the students’ behavior, academic achievements and other outcomes, therefore there are concrete links be;en this investigation and my research hypothesis.

Each school in the district was independently observed, providing variation over schools and time. The research paper provides key statistics collated relating to a comparison of schools with uniform and schools with no uniform in reference to test results. The estimated results by the researchers were generally negative as their collected data indicated that uniforms have little impact on achievement gains, but the school uniform is statistically significant only in the instance of elementary female reading. This ‘National Bureau of Economic Research’ paper is particularly useful as it provides a basis of international findings and collected data.

The interpretations of the statistical data provided in the research paper comprehend the secondary information clearly and effectively, assisting in relevant communication of the data which sues for possible ways of interpreting my own data, in means of cross- checking my primary data and this source to aid in reliability. As my research hypothesis is “School uniforms improve student academic achievements”, the presented data in the research paper clearly outlines the key thesis of school uniforms and academic achievements, efficiently relating to my independent work. The data presented by the researchers suggest that uniforms do not play a significant role in the improvement of student academic achievements, assisting in disproving the research hypothesis I have conducted.

Although this research paper has comprehensive and tactical information, it lacks detail about school uniforms in reference to academic achievement, thus I will be collecting my primary data in regards to academic achievement and improvement by creating questionnaires to further investigate this area. The fact-finding investigation has extensive detail regarding effects of school uniform on attendance and behavior which is not directly related to my focus however, has an effect as attendance is related to academic achievements. The research paper however does have a substantial amount Of information on school uniform and improving academic achievements, as ell as statistical data which is beneficial to the integrity and simultaneously the reliability and validity of the data. It can also be viewed as reliable regarding the fact it has been written by two professors who study philosophy, also eliminating the notion of bias.

This paper contains a substantial, but extremely useful amount of information for my project, allowing me to gain background information in regards to my topic and personal interest. It provides extensive amounts of professional information, which was reliable and relevant. However, this paper is based on statistics in the United States so it may somewhat differ to dents from Australia. Research Methodologies (Primary Data) To successfully uncover whether the school uniform improves student academic achievements and to minimize objectivity, the primary data used for this research Was accumulated through the gathering and reviewing of both qualitative and quantitative data. The primary data used for this project was obtained by using methodology techniques, that of a questionnaire and an unstructured interview.

The primary data was conducted and placed into statistical graphs with analyses comments in reference to the hypothesis and research focus of the Independent Research Project. Therefore from the primary data utilized both quantitative and qualitative data will be presented. The research process proved validity as the primary data was collected directly from students and a teacher proposing their opinions from personal experience, proving to be honest, credible and reliable. The data obtained via the questionnaires and unstructured interview provided relevant information and supplied easy and manageable extraction and recording of data into graphs and further analysis.

The primary research methods simultaneously attained both qualitative and quantitative data, thus the information provided as a necessity for the overall project as particular data was not readily obtainable via secondary sources. Throughout the research project, researcher integrity and integrity of data was maintained to divulge honesty via confidentiality, subject privacy, ethical manners, proper HAS regulations and guidelines, as well as eradicated bias. This was applied during the interview and the questionnaires by ensuring that the participants understood they could leave questions unanswered if they felt uncomfortable, and also ensured their anonymity throughout the research project, besides the consent forms where their names are revealed to the racers but are not attached to the questionnaires they have completed.

The participants were also aware the primary data collected from them will be disposed of in a confidential manner. The Questionnaire The questionnaire constructed aimed to investigate the attitudes and beliefs of adolescents in relation to school uniforms and whether it improves their own, and overall academic achievements. The 30 questionnaires were distributed via the simple random sampling method, and they were handed out to participants in common areas shared between all years, 7-11/12, at Canterbury Girls High School. With the questionnaires, this method was used to obtain the most accurate, valid and unbiased data, as it is representative of a wider view of the school’s population.

Of the 30 questionnaires distributed, 26 were obtained, including consent forms. The data was obtained via distributing the consent forms during particular pre-selected time intervals during school including recess, lunch and DEAR. Once the consent forms were received, the questionnaires were handed out to the same participants. The questionnaire contained a mixture of 14 quantitative and qualitative questions, with approximately equal amounts of both close-ended and open- need questions to ensure simplicity for the participants as well as detailed data for the research, resulting in an easier collation, analysis and interpretation of data later on.

The aim of using close-ended questions was to gather simple and direct answers within boundaries, which mainly focused on the participants’ overall view of school uniform and whether or not it improves academic achievements. The open-ended questions aimed to gather the participants’ personal view from experience of school uniform and whether it improves their academic achievements. These questions also soused on gathering the students’ perspective from their personal observing or knowledge on whether students’ that do not comply with the school uniform show lack of motivation for their personal academic achievements, also including questions related to the removal of the school uniform policy and implementation of stricter punishments for those who do not abide by the rules.

All questions aimed for a direct response related to the research hypothesis, eliminating the possibility of irrelevant data, thereby elucidating this technique for gathering data as effective and efficient. Questions were remunerated on an ethical basis as well as maintaining anonymity during the questionnaires, also allowing participants to leave questions unanswered if they do not want to or feel uncomfortable with what is being asked, therefore providing the Concept of ethical concerns. There was a cautious method of forming the questions as ‘leading questions’, I. E. Questions intended to lead a participant towards choosing a particular response, were excluded, eliminating any possible form of bias.

The participants were solely selected based on the criteria of who would accept to undertake the questionnaire ND its conditions, the consent form, taking into consideration that all age groups were able to answer, reducing eventuating of bias. The questionnaires provided both quantitative and qualitative data that may not be supplied by secondary sources. Hence the primary data gathered could also be conclusive of the collected and analyses secondary data.