Dementia and The Alzheimer’s Dissease

The world contains many diseases. Different diseases affect different parts of the body. Alzheimer’s disease is a complex disease that affects the brain. Alzheimer’s disease is defined by the National Institutes of Health as “the most common cause of dementia among older people. It is marked by progressive, irreversible declines in memory, performance of routine tasks, time and space orientation, language and communication skills, abstract thinking, and the ability to learn and carry out mathematical calculations.

Other symptoms of Alzheimer’s disease include personality changes and impairment of judgment. ” Doctor Alois Alzheimer discovered Alzheimer’s disease in 1906. This disease is caused by Dementia. Dementia is defined by the National Institutes of Health as “a group of symptoms characterized by a decline in intellectual functioning severe enough to interfere with a person’s normal daily activities and social relationships”. When a person has Dementia, the person starts losing their memory, he or she has problems with reasoning, and he or she has difficulty learning and starts forgetting how to communicate.

If treated early enough, Dementia can be cured. If someone is close relative has Alzheimer’s disease, that person has a higher risk than another person to getting this disease. As for Alzheimer’s disease, it can progress at different rates between three to twenty years and the person will soon need complete care. The person will eventually die from this disease. Yet people do not usually die from this disease alone, they usually have other diseases including Pneumonia, infections, or even if that person falls and its results.

Ten percent of people sixty-five and older have this disease and fifty percent of people eighty-five and older have this disease. More women have the disease partly because they live longer. In addition, studies show that the smarter a person is, the less of a chance the person will get this disease. Now, there are four million people affected with this disease. Alzheimer’s disease affects the person’s ability to remember, reason, learn, and imagine. There is no test that people can take to see if they have this disease.

There is no medication that will fully cure this disease yet. Alzheimer’s disease has three stages. the early stage, the middle stage, and the end stage. The early stage is when the person starts losing their memory and other knowledge of life start. Then the middle stage is when the person forgets how to communicate and the conditions are growing worse. The end stage is when the person needs complete care and cannot do anything and soon will die. This subject interests me because my grandmother who lived with me had this disease during the middle and end stages.

I wanted to learn about it and its effects to help my relatives and me help understand this disease. Alzheimer’s diseases expected to triple over the next couple of years. People should get the knowledge these people have and write it because most of these people are smart and we should take down what they know. By doing that, we are helping society and the future. Bibliography : 1. Shenk, David The Forgetting: Alzheimer’s Portrait of an Epidemic New York 2001 2. DeBaggio, Thomas Losing my Mind New York 2002 3. National Institutes of Health http://www. alzheimers. org 1995