We the human beings are the creatures who have the tendency to go after every aspect that is forbidden to us or that gives us pleasure. The most important point to be noticed in our nature is of ‘Contradiction’. It exists to a great extent and is embedded in our nature because where this is honesty, there is dishonesty, truth falsehood, good evil, and so forth. The world in which we are living in is not a fair place that has everything going on in a smooth fashion; in fact, there are numerous problems and issues that are obstructing us to live a livable and problem-free life.
With the passage of time, as the conveniences and comforts have gone up, similarly the evils and wrongdoings have increased and have enticed us to get entangled in them. There are numerous social and ethical issues that we are undergoing through, avoidance of which has seemed uncontrollable and futile. The evil activities in our society include murder, robbery, burglary, kidnapping, rape, and sexual harassment in the workplaces.
Moreover, organizations these days take the environmental duties and responsibilities for granted and do not abide by them, hence resulting in the emission of pollution – either solid, gaseous, or in liquid form – to our natural environment that in turn affects the natural habitat, resources, and us. All these issues are bothering us awfully and have become the focus of many of the countries; nevertheless, there is one mega issue of drug or substance abuse that has trapped many of us, especially the younger generation. The paper would focus on this issue in a great detail and highlight the effects and consequences of ‘Drinking and Driving’.
Engagement in Drinking and its Aftermaths It is a very common thing that what you get or what you want is passed from others to, or vice versa, through word-of-mouth or by simply transferring the product or item to the other party. The habit of drinking among the people is not new; in fact it has been existed since ages but the alarming fact is that there is a proliferation in the supply and demand of the drinking material – either beer, champagne, wine, or whisky. Moreover, the usage of these products is being done for the abusive and relaxation purposes.
There is absolutely no doubt that whatever other evils are existing in our society, are based on this main evil that makes people numb and out of their own control. Another alarming truth is that the younger generation seems to be getting totally into this evil, and when forbidden or restricted, results in further retaliation that creates more negative circumstances. Some questions arise here are that why do they actually do this? What are the forces that make them do so? What are the intentions for which they purposely go after drinking? Do they get what they want?
What are the aftermaths of drinking, for instance, health problems? Starting from the adults, they are usually sued to of drinking, but for a certain amount and time period. For example, they drink at the parties, recreation places, and also at their home. Drinking at the parties does make some sense, but drinking heavily at their own places does not. It has become very common that the depression rate is very high among the adults as compared to older or younger people; therefore, adults find it comfy to overcome their depression that arises from the day to day activities and hassles that are borne by them continuously.
As far as the youth is concerned, they engage in such activities for several purposes behind it such as, showing off to other party or friends that one is capable and mature enough to drink a lot. This creates a sense of belongingness and grabs attention of the youth to do the same, because one would not be considered to be mature or gutful enough then; moreover, affiliation with one’s group is also defined by doing the same as the majority of them are doing. Do what others are doing, or else you are not part of that group.
The same thing elicits another reason why younger people engage in drinking, and that is because of the peer-pressure. Peer-pressure is basically the compelling or forcing done by the other group members to an individual for the purpose of changing his or her attitude, beliefs, perceptions, or habits and conforming to those values and norms that are held by majority of group members (Kotler & Keller, 2006). Now let’s talk about the affects that drinking creates and what are the aftermaths of doing so.
Studies have found out that it takes just three to four beers of 12-ounce to intoxicate a normal healthy man or women and get him out of his own senses. Furthermore, after having five to seven drinks, the brain of a person gets numbed to such a level that he could not write appropriately or hold a pen in a similar fashion when not drunk. The aftermaths of drinking in the sort-run cannot be underestimated, but those of the long-run could be very severe that involves heart diseases, liver diseases, ulcers and other brain-related problems.
Driving while Drinking and its Consequences Driving after drinking is not an extraordinary thing, and is found at many places where the drivers who are out of their own senses drive the car or trucks – even through heavy traffics – but unfortunately, result in smashing the automobiles and causing severe injuries or even deaths. The studies have pointed out that a single casualty occurs every hour in a traffic accident due to the effect of drinking and driving.
Teenagers are usually more gutful, courageous, and adventurous, and hence often engage in driving practices such as, racing while drunk. Even if we have taken small amount of alcohol, it would still affect our driving because alcohol reaches and affects every crucial organ of our body whether it is for vision, balance, speech, reaction, memory, understanding, or self-control. There are some statistics that must be given a serious look for understanding the negative impact of drinking and driving.
It has been found out that the large proportion of drivers who drive when drunk age between 21 to 29 years. The nervous system of the driver gets affected and he does not observe or perceive the traffic signs, pedestrians, or other cars on the road in a proper way because he loses the control over his actions and perceptions. The most obvious consequence of drunken driving is a crash that can take place with other cars on the road, with trees, or with any other shop or even traffic signal.
A survey was conducted for the relationship between driving and drinking, the result of which showed that there is a high-risk behavioral pattern that is found in the drinkers when they drive, which causes dangerous accidents and mishaps (Peleg, Shvarzman, & Peleg, 1). Pedestrians are not in a shielded condition when such drunken drivers set on the road and drive recklessly. The vehicle may hit or totally roll over the pedestrians easily, since drivers cannot perceive time, distance, and speed properly while driving in a drowsy condition and hence can cause severe deaths.
Consequences are really harsh because people, who are innocent and have not committed any illicit activity, get killed for no reason; not only this, the aftermaths for the driver are not lenient too. They might get imprisoned, cancellation of license, and heavy fines; moreover, the driver lives with guilt throughout his life because it is mentioned over his license that he once smashed the vehicle when in a drunken state.
Some other facts regarding drinking and driving tell us that those who age between 16 to 24 years are the main victims of alcohol-related accidents. The ratio in the United States is higher because every 30 minutes there results the death of one American due to vehicle crashes. Another alarming and eye-opening fact is that 418,000 people have died in last 20 years or so due to alcoholic driving. Talking about each day, 45 people are victimized due to such accidents, which is not a small figure.
Comparing the figures would hint us that the percentage of accidents due to alcoholic driving has decreased by the time, because in the year 1982, 60% of the total fatalities were caused by drunken driving; whereas, in 2008, the figure went down to 37%. This drop in the figures can be contributed to the awareness that has increased among the public regarding driving and drinking (Diane, 21). Moreover, reduction in DWI has occurred in the past decade, because 41% of fatalities in traffic caused by alcohol (Shore & Ferrari, 2). How can it be prevented?
There is always a solution for any problem, but the concern that remains there is of proper implementation. Since globalization has encouraged technological advancements in every aspect of human beings ranging from health care to fun devices; therefore, the use of technology would definitely have a great affect over the overcoming of the issue of drunken driving accidents. Effective techniques involving the use of technology which is anti-drunk driving technology can be used that would have the ability to detect alcohol or presence of alcohol through its alcohol-detecting sensors and other devices.
The drivers would be tested in their skin as in how much they have drunk or to what extent they are in their own senses. The technique is simple, there should be a stated level of alertness or numbness that can be allowed to a driver to have it; below or above that level would not allow them to drive and if they do so, they would be charged heavily or would be facing some serious consequences. Breath tests is also another fine strategy to identify the blood alcohol concentration and it should be kept as a technique to identify it (Dept of the environment UK, 1).
Another measure that can be taken to avoid such accidents and mishaps is to introduce and implement the rules and regulations that demand the abidance by the drivers to those laws. Heavy penalties must be outlined for the violation of those rules and regulations such as, death penalty, confiscating whole property or bank balance, life-time imprisonment, etc. Although these seem to be very strict but there has to be something done in order to avoid huge losses – whether material or life – that are caused by alcoholic accidents.
Of course, there are some ethics and morals of driving, and one should not bear the negative outcomes of another person for which he is not responsible. Drunken Driving and Celebrities This drinking and driving issue is not just a mere case that is related to truck drivers or youngsters; in fact the celebrities are very much into it. We often come to know about the scandals that are drawn over the celebrities been indulged in drinking – often binge drinking – and driving in a low sense of consciousness. Let’s have a look at some personalities and celebrities that have been arrested or penalized for being involved in drunken driving cases.
In 2006, Paris Hilton, who is a television artist and a singer, was arrested and handed over the probation of three years that demanded her to attend programs related to alcohol abuse; moreover, her license was suspended along with the imposition of heavy fine. Secondly, Dick Cheney was also arrested two times within the period of eight months due to the violation of driving rules because he was driving under influence and in a drunken state. Another familiar name is of Lindsay Lohan, who is an actress of Hollywood and also releases some CDs of pop music. She has been on the spotlight in cases of car crashes.
In the year 2007, she was found guilty of driving in a drunken state along with keeping cocaine in her car. Mel Gibson was also charged for being driving at a low conscious level and was arrested in July 2006; he was fined $1300 and his license was restricted for 90 days. Also, Tracy Morgan, who is a comedian and an actor, was arrested for speeding up the car in a drunken state where his blood-alcohol level was found to be . 13%. Even the sportsmen are involved in such cases; Mike Tyson, a famous boxer, was arrested and found guilty over driving in DUI and keeping cocaine in his car when leaving the club. Conclusion
Knowing that there are several grave issues that our society is facing, not doing something to minimize it would not be a positive sign from our side as a responsible citizen. There is absolutely no doubt that drinking and driving issue has become common, especially among the youth, but this should not be underestimated that advanced security and technological measures along with some strict rules and regulations have dragged down the ratio of such cases. What is to be done is that the awareness must be created among the youth and as well as other drivers about the effects and serious consequences of driving in a drunken state.
As far as the adults and other celebrities are concerned, they must not be freed up in exchange of few bucks, instead that must also be penalized heavily as others are so that it becomes a lesson for those who might try driving while drunken. Works Cited Diane. (2010). Drinking and Driving: Research Findings. Edition Illustrated. Diane Publishing, 1990. http://books. google. com. pk/books? id=15baKJJgfrUC&printsec=frontcover&dq=effects+of+drinking+and+driving&hl=en&ei=evXaS-mSCdSyrAehk6m1Dw&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=1&ved=0CDYQ6AEwAA#v=onepage&q=effects%20of%20drinking%20and%20driving&f=false
Great Britain Dept of the environment United Kingdom. (1976). Drinking ad Driving. NCJRS Database. http://www. ncjrs. gov/App/publications/abstract. aspx? ID=69189 Kotler. P. & Keller. K (2006). Marketing Management. Edition: 12th. India. Prentice Hall of India. Peleg. A; Shcarzman. P; & Peleg. R. (1997). Drinking and Driving. Dept. of Family Medicine, Ben-Gurion University of the Negev, Beer Sheba. http://www. ncbi. nlm. nih. gov/pubmed/9154719 Shore. E. R & Ferrari. J. R. (1998). Preventing Drunk Driving. Edition Illustrated. Routledge Publisher, 1998.