Drugs and Alcohol

Alcohol is the most commonly abused on college campuses and in our society nowadays. Even little amounts of alcohol considerably impair the judgment and coordination required to drive a car, increasing your chances of having an accident. Consumption of alcohol might be an interacting factor in the incidence of aggressive acts, including date rape and spouse and child abuse. Moderate to large amounts of alcohol harshly impair the capability to learn and remember information. For the reason that alcohol is a depressant, very large amounts can cause respiratory and cardiac failure, resulting in death.

The abuse of alcohol and use of other illegal drugs is harmful to the health of the user. Further, the use of drugs and alcohol is not helpful to an academic atmosphere. Drugs obstruct the learning process and can cause interruption for other students and disturb their academic interests. The use of alcohol or drugs in the workplace might as well impede the employee’s ability to perform in a safe and efficient manner, and might result in injuries to others. Furthermore, Alcohol is considered as the oldest and most extensively used drug in the world, it’s a depressant that alters perceptions, emotions, and senses.

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There are lots of disadvantages and harmful effects of alcohol that we should know and consider. As we all know alcohol first acts as a stimulant, and then it makes people feel relaxed and a bit sleepy, however drinking high doses of alcohol seriously affect a person’s judgment and coordination. Drinkers might have slurred speech, confusion, depression, short-term memory loss, and slow reaction times. In addition, teens that often use alcohol can become psychologically dependent upon it to feel good, deal with life, or handle stress. Their bodies might demand more and more to attain the same kind of high experienced in the beginning.

Some teens are as well at risk of becoming physically addicted to alcohol. Withdrawal from alcohol can be painful and even life threatening. Symptoms range from shaking, sweating, nausea, anxiety, and depression to hallucinations, fever, and convulsions. Moreover, the effects of every drug depend on the amount taken at one time, the past experience of the drug user, the circumstances in which the drug is taken (place, feelings, activities of the user, presence of other people, concurrent use of other drugs), and the manner in which the drug is taken.

Alcohol is absorbed quickly, as it does not require digestion by the stomach. Approximately 90% of alcohol consumed is absorbed by the small intestine. Absorption rates for alcohol depend on the amount and type of food in the stomach. For instance, high carbohydrate and high fat foods reduce absorption rates. A carbonated or sparkling alcoholic beverage, like champagne for example, will be absorbed quicker. The effects of alcohol might appear within 10 minutes after consumption and peak at approximately 40 to 60 minutes.

Alcohol remains in the bloodstream until it is broken down by the liver. If an individual consumes alcohol at a faster rate than it can be broken down by the liver, the blood alcohol concentration level rises. When ingesting the same amount of alcohol as a man, a woman will have a higher blood alcohol concentration because of gender-related physiological differences. In addition, alcoholism is the number one drug problem in the United States and takes a toll on personal lives by affecting employment, finances, health, social relationships, and families.

College campuses are not excused. Accidents and injuries are more possible to occur on University property or at University activities when alcohol or other drugs are used. The abuse of alcohol and other drugs might lead to severe consequences. These might include the loss of resistance to disease, the development of drug tolerance and psychological dependence after continued use, and criminal prosecution stemming from injuries inflicted on others due to driving under the influence. Each year thousands of people die in alcohol related motor vehicle accidents.

Impaired drivers are accountable for almost half of all traffic fatalities. Illegal drugs aren’t good for anyone, but they are predominantly bad for a kid or teen whose body is still growing. Illegal drugs can damage the brain, heart, and other vital organs. Cocaine, for example, can cause a heart attack even in a kid or teen. While using drugs, a person is as well less gifted to do well in school, sports, and other activities. It’s frequently harder to think clearly and make good decisions. People can do dumb or unsafe things that could hurt themselves or other people when they use drugs.

Sometimes kids and teens try drugs to fit in with a group of friends. Or they may be curious or just bored. A person might use illegal drugs for several reasons, but often because they help the person getaway from reality for a while. If a person is sad or upset, a drug can momentarily make the person feel better or forget about problems. But this escape lasts only until the drug wears off. Drugs don’t solve problems, of course. And using drugs frequently causes other problems on top of the problems the person had in the first place. A person who uses drugs can become dependent on them, or addicted.

This means that the person’s body becomes so used to to having this drug that he or she can’t function well without it. Once a person is addicted, it’s extremely hard to stop taking drugs. Stopping can cause withdrawal symptoms, such as vomiting (throwing up), sweating, and tremors (shaking). These sick feelings continue until the person’s body gets adjusted to being drug free again. Although these substances can feel good at first, they can eventually do a lot of harm to the body and brain. Drinking alcohol, smoking tobacco, taking illegal drugs, and sniffing glue can all cause severe damage to the human body.

Some drugs severely impair a person’s ability to make healthy choices and decisions. And just as there are several kinds of drugs available, there are as several reasons for trying drugs or starting to use drugs regularly. People take drugs just for the pleasure they believe they can bring. Frequently it’s because someone tried to convince them that drugs would make them feel good or that they’d have a better time if they took them. Some teens think drugs will help them think better, be more popular, stay more active, or become better athletes.

Others are only curious and figure one try won’t hurt. Others want to fit in. A few use drugs to achieve attention from their parents. Several teens use drugs because they are depressed or think drugs will help them escape their problems. Adverse health effects can range from nausea and anxiety to coma and death. There are risks connected with the chronic use of all psychoactive drugs, including alcohol. A pregnant woman who uses alcohol, cigarettes, or other drugs exposes her fetus to serious risks, such as the risk of miscarriage, low birth weight, or brain damage.

References: Alcohol consumption and health, Retrieved on December 13, 2006 at http://en. wikipedia. org/wiki/Alcohol,_effects Alcohol – Getting the Facts, retrieved on December 13, 2006 at http://alcoholism. about. com/cs/homework/a/blgetfacts. htm The effects of alcohol and drugs, Retrieved on December 13, 2006 at http://www. padui. org/effect. htm The Effects of Alcohol and Drugs, Retrieved on December 13, 2006 at http://alcoholism. about. com/od/effect/The_Effects_of_Alcohol_and_Drugs. htm