Enviro Sci Chapter 1 & 2

biodiversity
 the diversity of living things found in the natural world
 developing country
countries in which the GDP is less than $936 per capita, the category includes nations of Africa, India, Southern Asia and former Soviet Union
 environment
the combination of all things and factors external to the individual or population of organisms in question
 environmental movement
the upwelling of public awareness and citizen action that began during the 1960’s regarding environmental issues
 gross domestic product (GDP)
the total value of all goods and services exchanged in a year within a country
 human development index (HDI)
based on life expectancy, literacy, and living standards, these indices are used by the United Nations Development Program to measure progress in alleviating poverty
 Industrial Revolution
During the 19th century, the development of manufacturing processes using fossilfuels and based on applications of scientific knowledge
 Pollution
the presence of a substance in the environment, that because of its chemical composition or quantity, prevents the functioning of natural processes and produces undesireable environmental and health effects
 Stewardship
the actions and programs that manage natural resources and human well-being for the common good
   Sustainability
a property whereby a process can be continued indefinately without depleting the energy or material resources on which it depends
 Benefit-Cost-Analysis
A comparison of the benefits of any particular action or project to its cost
 Economic Systems
are social and legal arrangements people construct in order to satisfy their needs and wants and improve their well-being
 Equity
an ethical principle where peoples’ needs are met in an impartial and just manner
 Green Economy
A path to a sustainable future
 Gross National Product (GNP)
is the market value of all the products and services produced in one year by labor and property supplied by the citizens of a country
 Human Resources
is the set of individuals who make up the workforce of an organization, business sector, or economy
 intragenerational equity
the attempt to achieve an equitable distribution of assets within a given generation or across existing people groups
 land
in economic paradigm, it represents the environment
 market-based-policy
an approach to environmental regulation that treats all polluters equally to choose theor responses on the basis of economic principles that have to do with profitability
 regulatory approach
an approach to environmental regulation in which the EPA sets standards that are transferred to regulations, polluters are required by law to comply with the regulations