The effect of this can lead to many tuitions; firstly, it shows the lack of support and therefore lack of power to the current governing party which in turn leads to doubts regarding the Prime Ministers authority and its government. Regarding the example above, Welsh Lib Deem leader Skirts Williams said that the low turnout was somewhat Of a ‘wake-up call for the current politicians. ‘ Secondly, the low turnout may not be due to the lack of care of the people; however, it could be due to lack of advertisement and campaigning.
This could then lead to tensions in the entry as a decision has been made questioningly ‘by the people’ when in fact they simply did not know the facts. Therefore, referendums should not be used. One of the main dangers of referendums is the tyranny of the majority. This issue essentially deals with the fact that referendums work in favor of the majority and leave the minority defenseless and their say is not taken into account. In 2008 Manchester released a referendum asking whether a congestion charge should be introduced, the vote was 78. 8% no in a 53. 2% overall turnout.
In this occasion the ‘yes’ campaigners, primarily Labor, hose plans for improving local transport where left politically stranded and their hopes for improving the city environmentally and in the transport sector were abandoned. The ‘no’ campaign were strong to emphasis the price of the congestion charge and were therefore have thought to won the vote this way. Therefore, referendums are not always the most effective way of reaching the overall best vote and therefore should not be used. Referendums rely heavily on campaigning for their cause in order to reach the answer they believe in.
However, the campaigns are extremely biased to hose who can afford and get access to more resources. The 1975 European Community spent vastly more than the opposing side did, therefore winning the vote as businesses were in favor of membership and they used their resources and wealth heavily to their advantage. Although there are legal limitations on campaign expenditure, money does have the power needed for campaigners. This links to the first point regarding lack of knowledge due to lack of or ‘Ovid campaigning. Referendums cannot avoid the issue of bias and therefore should not be used.