Final ES3

Adam Smith(1723-1790)
Economist : CAPITALISM*free market (laissez-faire)*thougt the free market would efficiently allocate resources, gov’t should have little control*resources are limitless*wrote “wealth of nations”*ALLOCATION (efficiency)agrees with 3, 5, 6
Thomas Malthus(1766-1834)
*pioneer of population studies, saw it in a negative way (overpopulation will strip the food supply-famine, disease, war)*there aren’t enough resources, the dismal truth*first to address scale!*(green revolution, advanced technology have delayed malthus predictions)
David Ricardo(1772-1823)
Economist*everyone benefits from the free trade!*who gets what? who is entitled to what?*escalator analogy-workers are the power. capitalists fight on way up. landlords get free trade*rent stays consistent (landlords benefit)*wager and profits always changing as a result of the economy.*believes in low resource prices (only hurts landlords)
Karl Marx(1818-1883)
Economist*the communist manifesto*workers are the most valuable, because they do everything & they should be the only to add value to the production process.*dialectical materialism: one of the first comprehensive theories to place the environment and economy at the base of civilization– push towards classless society
Herbert Spencer(1820-1903)
*extender of smith: wanted free economy/market*social darwinism, survival of fittest*rich are rich because they deserve it*believed humans couldnt do anything to deplete the resources*if it didnt benefit humans, doesnt have point of existence 
Gifford Pinchot(1865-1946)
*loved the outdoors &believed that we could deplete*one of the first to impliment the reneway of forests*control forest usage and help, stopped clear cutting*creating sustainable forests, would cut them down, but replant.*conservationist, use it as long as its sustainable
John Muir(1838-1914)
*nature has rights and benefits, first real proponent to say that humans were destroying nature and the world around us*fought for rights of environment & think of terms of surrounding*started sierra club*preservationist 
Julian Simon(1932-1998)
*only thinks in terms of economics*people are the only thing important*nature is only there to provide for humans*environmentalism is based on bad science- if animals die, survival of fittest *Economist
Garret Hardin(1915-2003)
*tragedy of the commons*we must limit freedom*limit immigration, birth control, dont let poor countries make babies*commited suicide*only one child to replace you 
Paul Ehrlich(1932- NOW)
*believes that the population growth is a ticking bomb*new malthusian*believes population is going to crash*concerned with carrying capacity*ZPG*finite resources 
George Perkins Marsh(1801-1882)
*wrote man and nature*conservationist*resource depletion*wants to use resources effectively, thought globally 
Utilitarian conservation
resources should be used to benefit the greatest good, for greatest #, for the longest time (nature is for human use)
Roderick Nash
*preservationist*nature is beautiful and not subject to us*introduced romaticism 
William Graham Sumner 
*classical liberalism*laiseefair, govt interference only messed up order*like smithy & spence pants*saw earth as limitless and adjustable & has capacity for whatever comes up*humans cant damage plant
Rachel Carson
wrote silent spring*inspirational book that inspired environmental movement