Final Exam

Why are the perspectives of these two so different? Question 1 Values, Morals and Ethics all provide behavioral rules that are almost always used interchangeably. They are the rules by which decisions are made about being right or being wrong and refer to the way people think, behave and react. Each of them builds upon each other because value is a type of belief, and morals are a type of value. These terms are not only considered by some as the same, but they all also work together as they govern the way a person relates with other people in society. Why or Why not?

There has always been a misconception regarding ethics, morality, and virtue. The concepts are often used interchangeably, however according to Bayle, B. (2011) ‘This is a mistake because each of these topics highlights astray different concepts that, in the end, actually work in conjunction with each other. ” Virtue is a quality deemed to be morally good and is considered to be the foundation of principle and good moral being. Babylon (2009) states “It takes the viewpoint that in living your life you should try to cultivate excellence in all that you do and all that others do. Morals are concepts of what good is and what bad is and how someone should behave based on that information. They have a greater social element to values which tend to have more off broad acceptance. The problem with this is that morals may differ room country to country based on different cultures. Being ethical is the science about the correct attitude of man. Behavior is guided by a moral code or set of principles. This code evolves from determining what is right and what is wrong. Relationship The relationship between virtues, morals and ethics are very complex.

They are all behavioral rules that are the basis for decisions. They need each other to build upon each other and by doing so; it helps shape characteristics such as character, moral standards and assists in making decisions. In conclusion, being virtuous is not the same as being moral or ethical. They all involve behavior and what bases a person’s decision making ability. They also build upon each other and need each other. Morals are built on unchangeable and socially accepted principles; ethics are based on changing dynamics of a specific situation.

The relationship between them defines a person’s level of integrity. Reference: Bayle, B. (2011). Ethics in Corrections. Retrieved from http://www. Corrections. Com/corrections-training/articles/3225913- HTH CICS-morality-and- virtue-A-foundation;for-modern;training Babylon, M. (2009). Basic Ethics (2nd De Upper Saddle River, NJ: Prentice Hall Question 2 Community involvement by the members is a key part to its success. According to owe. Com (2012) “People with kind hearts always feel restless wondering whether they’re doing enough to give back. Accepting assistance from the community in various areas is sometimes a given commodity; however some citizens feel the need or feel morally obligated to give back to the same community that has given them so much. There are also citizens from the community that take what is given to them and refuse to give back. Community gives back There are many ways a community may ask its members to give back. Of course there are monetary donations and material possessions that help, however those only make you feel good for a temporary amount of time before you move on wanting more.

Most communities need more than that, and they rely heavily on people from the community to volunteer their time. The benefits of volunteering are enormous because it impacts everyone. Each community has organizations set up for people who need some sort of assistance. Volunteering at a soup kitchen, boys and girls club, an orphanage, a hospital, and a homeless shelter for battered women are just some organizations that are set up in certain communities that rely on the citizens of that community to ensure it is run smoothly.

Responsibilities Morally and ethically, it is the responsible thing to do for each member Of the community to give back to the community that has provided so much in return, however legally it is not required for anyone to have the same responsibilities besides paying their taxes. There are many free riders that live among communities and according to Babylon (2009) “The free riders only want to accept the benefits of society and let others pay the bill. ” inclusion, there are more ways than one a community may ask you to give back, and whether or not each member of that community decides to follow through is up to each and every person.

Communities need volunteers, they need people who live in the community to want to give back and help the community. owe. Com (2012). Ways to Give Back to your Community. Retrieved from http://www. Owe. Com/I eve-baa KC-community. HTML Question 3 Being legally acceptable in society does not always mean that it is ethical. There are many situations involving individuals and organizations that may be involved in actions that are considered legal, but have an unethical outcome. Laws are clearly written, maintained, and agreed upon; ethics are subjective, based in large part on individual belief systems.

According to reference. Com (2012) “Different cultures around the world have different beliefs on the types of behaviors that are ethical and unethical. If there is no law against an action, it is legal, no matter how many deem it unethical. ” Situation The situation was the case of Chaperon v. A. T. Massey Coal Company, Inc, which first occurred in 1998 when a lawsuit was filed against A. T. Massey Coal Company for tortuous interference, fraudulent misrepresentation, and fraudulent concealment.

Herman Mining Company president Hugh Chaperon filed this lawsuit on speculation that the A. T. Massey Coal Company canceled a coal supply contract fraudulently which caused them to go out of business. When the case went to trial, the West Virginia court rendered judgment against A. T. Massey Coal Company and found it liable for $50 million in damages. Before the appeal was made, Don Blankness’s who was the CEO of the coal company donated three million dollars into the political campaign f one of the judges who was running for a seat on the West Virginia Supreme Court.

He did so by creating a non-profit corporation called “And for the Sake of the Kids” and donated that money on the behalf of electricity Brent Benjamin which amounted to more than the total amount spent by all the other candidates helping Benjamin win easily. When it was finally time for the appeal to be heard by the West Virginia Supreme Court, Hugh Chaperon had knowledge of the contributions Don Blankness’s made to his campaign and petitioned that Justice Benjamin recurs himself of the case based on conflict of interest.

Justice Benjamin refused to recurs himself of the case and ultimately decided in favor of Don Blankness’s that was the deciding vote and overturned the original verdict. Legal but not ethical There are some ways that make this particular situation legal but not ethical. The West Virginia Supreme Court should have acted on the knowledge that was given to them because of the possibility of damages in the future. According to Globe, Terrine and Nelson (2007) “Although we usually think of conflicts of interest as situations involving individuals, they can also involve organizations.

Conflicts of interest involving organizations re even more damaging that those that involve individuals. ” Current laws set in place allow Justice Benjamin to remain as one of the judges in the case regardless Of the fact that a very generous donation in his name was given to him because they presume he is able to judge the case fairly. Conclusion, there are many different situations that may be considered legally acceptable but unethical in nature because ethics are based on personal belief systems that are different from person to person. References: Reference. Mom (2012). Legal but Unethical. Retrieved from http://www”. Reference. Mom/motif/Society/Giggle-but-unethical Terrine, L. K. & Nelson, K. A. (2007). Managing business ethics: Straight talk about how to do it right (4th De. ). Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons. Question 4 Companies who take responsibility socially exercise their business ethics, corporate citizenship and commitment to a community family-like relationship. Unfortunately, not all companies feel the same way and put little effort into developing social responsibilities within their community.

There are also companies who put forth the effort into developing social responsibilities, however there are times when it doesn’t necessarily fit for hat particular organization. According to Enumerate, W. (2010) “Corporations have their own responsibility to interact with more than just customers and vendors. Socially responsible corporations focus on these areas and many more. ” Appropriate Initiative When an organization in a community decides to take some initiative and become more socially active within that community, there are several steps they must take first to ensure it is a SUCCeSS.

The first and most important steps an organization must do are determining the needs of the community. According to Basil, Runner, Carbohydrates and Barr (2009) “Corporations are increasingly being held responsible for the social impact of their organizational priorities. ” If an organization is held responsible for their social impact on the community, then they must research and determine what impact their social efforts would have on the community.

An organization does not want to put effort and develop initiatives if it will not benefit the community, if that is the case, then the organization would be more susceptible to receiving backlash from its citizens, which would have an effect on the productivity of the organization. The size of the organization also has n impact as to what they could actually offer. According to Stags, H. (2011) “The output of your initiative should be a crucial input to another process that keeps the organization running. The output must be an expectation of someone who is relying on it to get their job done. What this means for an organization that chooses to develop socially responsible initiatives, is that they must be consistent and make this initiative a priority for the organization. Inappropriate Initiative There are several reasons why an organization may develop an initiative that is not the appropriate choice. For some larger organizations, they may receive pressure locally from the community to develop a certain initiative based on a need, however the organization simply does not have the manpower or assets to support the initiative.

Organizations should invite members of the community beforehand to discuss possible actions. Conclusion, not all organizations have moved to develop socially responsible initiatives for reasons only they can explain. The organizations who have decided to become socially responsible in their communities and been successful doing so have had to take the necessary actions to ensure that the initiatives were appropriate for their particular community.