# Final Exam Semester 2

 Global Warming Name an effect of Global Warming-
 Ozone Layer gets destroyed, air is polluted, temperatures increase, water level increase, animals like the polar bear lose their habitat, ect
 Global Warming What type of layer in the earth’s atmosphere is destroyed due to the Greenhouse affect-
 The Ozone Layer
 Global Warming Name something that emits Carbon Dioxide-
 Cars and factories can emit Carbon Dioxide
 Global Warming Name different types of Greenhouse gasses-
 Carbon Dioxide, Nitrous Oxide, HFC’s, Water Vapor
 Energy Can electrons pass through a conductor and name an example of one-
 Yes they can. Examples are gold, copper and aluminum.
 Energy Can electrons go through a insulator and give an example    of an insulator-
 No they can’t. Examples of an insulator is wood, paper, and rubber.
 Energy In Ohm’s Law, if opposite charges attract, what do charges that are the same do-
 They repel each other.
 Energy If the current of an object is 5 amps and the resistance is 5 ohms, what is the voltage of a circuit-
 1. V=RxI / 2. V= 5 amps x 5 ohms / 3. V= 25 volts
 Energy Find the Current of an object that’s resistance is 4 and voltage is 2-
1. I=V/R 2. I=2/4 3. 0.

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5 amps

 Energy Find the Resistance of a circuit where the Voltage is 4 and the Amps are 2-
 1.R=V/A 2.R=4Volts/2Amps 3. R=2 Ohms
 Energy If their are 2 bulbs in a series circuit and one goes out, will the other one stay lit-
 No, because the electrons have no other path to follow to the other bulb.
 Energy If their are two bulbs within a parallel circuit and one of the bulbs go out, what will happen to the other bulb.
 The other one will stay lit and be brighter than before.
 Energy Is current electricity potential energy or kinetic energy and why-
 Kinetic because the electrons in current electricity are always flowing.
 Energy Is static electricity potential energy or kinetic energy and why-
 Poetential because the electrons in static electricity are stored and not flowing.
 EnergyIf your car has a velocity of 5 m/s and and a mass of 100 kg, what is it’s kinetic energy.
 1. 1/2xmxvxv 2. 1/2x100kgx5m/sx5m/s 3. 1,250 J
 Energy If a car has a mass of 100kg and a height of 8 meters, what is its potential energy-
 1. mxgxh 2. 100kg x 9.8 g x 8 m 3. 7,840 J
 Energy What is potential energy and give an example of potential energy-
 Potential energy is stored energy within an object and an example of potential energy is when you stretch out a rubber band.
 Energy What is Chemical Energy stored within and give and example of Chemical Energy-
 Chemical Energy is stored within bonds of atoms and moleules. An example of chemical energy is natural gas.
 Energy Where is Nuclear Energy stored within an atom and give an example of nuclear energy.
 Is found within the Nucleus of an atom and an example would be uranium
 Energy What is Mechanical Energy and give and example of Mechanical Energy-
 Energy stored within mechaniancal obejects and an example of mechanical energy would be a stetched rubberband.
 Energy Electrical energy is the movement of what and give an example of electrical energy-
 Of electrons and lightning is an example of electrical energy.
 Energy Thermal Energy is enery that pertains to what and give an   example of Thermal Energy
 Pertains to heat and an example would be geothermal energy.
 Violent Weather   Which layer of the atmosphere is closest to the earth and how high is it-
 The Troposphere and is between 17km-20km
 Violent WeatherWhich layer is after the Troposphere and how close is it to the high is it.
 The Stratosphere and is about 20 to 50 km.
 Violent WeatherWhat layer protects us from ultra-violet rays and is getting weakend by Greenhouse gasses.
 The Ozone layer
 EnergyThe Law of Conseration says that-
 Energy can neither be created or destroyed, but tranformed to a different type of energy.
 EnergyWhen mechanical energy changes into motin energy, this process is known as what-
 Transformation
 EnergyWhat does voltage measure-
 The potential difference of electrons within a circuit.
 EnergyWhat is alternative energy and give and example of a type of alternative energy.
 Energy that is reusable and is cleaner for the environment. An example would be solar energy.
 Energy What is non-renewable energy and give an example of one-
 Is energy that was created long ago and cannot be replenishd because it takes millions of years to make. An example would be oil or coal.
 Energy What is renewable energy and give an example of one-
 Energy that never runs out and is an alternative to non-renewable energy. An example would be wind energy.
 Violent Weather The temperature of Chicago in a day was 73 degrees. This would be an example of what-
 Weather
 Violent WeatherThe temperature of the east coast was about 80 degrees for the summer in the past 30 year. This is an example of-
 Climate
 Violent Weather Plant, animals, and climate all pertain to characteristics of what-
 Biomes
 Violent Weather  What type of biome is dry and has little to no vegetation-
 Desert Biome
 Violent Weather  This biome has many trees and the climate of this area is temperate-
 Forest Biome
 Violent Weather This Biome is very cold and has very little vegetation.
 Tundra Biome
 Violent Weather This Biome contains a lot of grass vegetation and the weather is temperate.
 Grassland Biome
 Violent Weather Alternative Energy source that use wind to make electric energy-
 Wind Power
 EnergyWhat is a static charge-
 The build up of electric charge on the surface of an object.
 EnergyWhat is energy in motion and give an example-
 KInetic energy and a roller coaster going down a hill.
 Energy What is a coulomb-
 A charge transported by a steady electrical current.
 EnergyWhat is an electrons-
 An electric charge.
 EnergyWhen electrons do not want to go through a insulator, this  is because of-
 Resistance
 EnergyIs coal, oil, and natural gas a renewbale resource(true or false)-
 False
 Violent Weather What scale measures the the damage of a tornado-
 Fujita scale
 Violent WeatherStates like Texas, Oklahoma, and Nebraska are a part of what
 Active Earth What does the Richter Scale measure-
 Energy Wave realeased from an earthquake.
 Violent WeatherWhen when their is a electrical discharge from a cloud is known as what-
 Lightning
 Thunder The sound of lightning expanding after being discharged is known as-
 Thunder
 Violent Weather What are the characteristics of a single-cell thunderstorm-
 Very light rain, little to no wind, last less than an hour, no chance of tornado.
 Violent WeatherWhat are the characteristics of a Multi-Cell thunderstorm-`
 Strong Rain, last 2-4 hours, some wind, slight chance of tornado
 Violent WeatherCharacteristics of a Super-Cell thunderstorm
 Heavy rain, strong winds, last more than 5 hours, huge possibility of a tornado.
 EnergyFossil Fuels are the remains of what-
 Prehistoric Plants and Animals
 EnergyHow are fossil Fuels Formed-
 Dead Plants or animals die in swampy water and gets burried in with dead sod and water sediments. Then it is aplied with heat and pressure and after millions of years form fossil feuls.
 EnergyWhat are the primary uses of fossil fuels-
 To create energy and fuel machines like cars and air planes
 EnergyHow does Geothermal Energy form electricity-
 A pipe full of water goes underground where it forms steam and rises back up to the earth where it powers a motor. Then electricity is formed.
 EnergyHow does hydroelectricity forms electrical energy-
 A damn with running water goes down a pipe to a turbine that forms electricity.
 EnergyHow does Biomass form Electricity-
 Plant material take energy from the sun and is then converted and transformed into re-newable energy.
 EnergyHow does tidal energy form electricity-
 Turbine under coast is powered by movement of tides and electricity is then formed.
 Active Earth What layer is between the outer core and crust and is made of rocky substances-
 The Mantle
 Active Earth The thinnest layer of the earth and the farthest one from the center.
 Crust
 Active Earth Two other layer that are near the center of the earth-
 Inner Core and Outer Core
 Active Earth Where is the earth’s asthenosphere located-
 Located by the upper mantle.
 Active Earth Where is the lithophere located-
 Between the earth’s crust and upper mantle.
 Active Earth How does the process of convection currents occur-
 Magma from the ocean floor rises and sinks and does this over and over which results in the sea florr spreading.
 Active Earth Who is Alfred Wegner and what did he discover-
 A German Scientist who made advancements on his theory of continental drift.
 Active Earth What Evidence supports the Theory of Continental Drift-
 Africa and South America look like they were together, simmilar plants and animals were found on other continents, borders of continents appear to have same rock patterns.
 Active Earth What happens when there are Convergent Plate Boundries-
 One plate goes over another
 Active Earth What happens during a divergent plate boundry-
 One plate goes underneath another plate.
 Active Earth What is occuring during a Transform Fault Plate Boundry-
 Two plates are rubbing against each other.
 Active Earth The theory that plates are always moving is known as what-
 The theory of Plate tectonics
 Active EarthWhen two plates collide or move along side each other, this creates what-
 An Earthquake
 Active Earth What is the Elastic Rebound Theory-
 When a Plate recieves too much energy, it will break, and an earthquake will form.
 Active Earth What graph is used to locate an earthquake-
 A seismograph
 Active Earth What Earthquake waves can travel through solids and liquids-
 Primary Waves
 Violent WeatherA symbol that is used to represent the weather that is occuring is in a day and the wind direction is a-
 Surface Observation Scale
 Violent WeatherA scale that measures windspeed of a hurricane is known as a-
 Saffir-Simpson Scale
 Violent WeatherWhat is  A type of tropical cyclone or severe tropical storm that forms in the southern Atlantic Ocean, Caribbean Sea, Gulf of Mexico, and in the eastern Pacific Ocean.
 A Hurricane
 Violent WeatherWhat is a violently rotating column of air that is in contact with both the surface of the earth and a cumulonimbus cloud.
 Violent Weather What is a narrow band of high winds and storms associated with a cold front.
 A Squall Line
 Violent Weather What are the ingedient for a thunderstorm
 Instability, Wind Shear, Lifting Mechanism, and Moisture
 Violent Weather What are the three stages of a thunderstorm-
 Cumulus Stage, Mature Stage, and Dissipating stage
 Violent WeatherTropical, Temperate and Polar are the three main what-
 Climate Zones of the world.
 Violent Weather What is the third highest layer of the earth atmosphere and how high is it-
 The Mesosphere and is 80 km high.
 Active EarthWhat are secondary waves-
 They are waves that are slower than primary waves and can travel through solids, but not liquids.
 Active EarthWhat are Surface waves-
 Slow waves that travel on the surface of the earth instead of through. Examples would be Love waves and Rayleigh waves.
 Active EarthWhat does a Seismograph measure-
 They meaure the arrival time of an earthquake, height of the lines is equal to the aplitude.
 Violent WeatherWhat is the fourth layer of the earth’s atmosphere and is  very hot-
 Thermosphere
 Violent WeatherWhat is the fifth highest layer and last layer of the earth’s atmosphere and is extremely cold-
 Ionosphere
 Violent WeatherWhat type of cloud is a stratus cloud-
 Very low cloud that look blanket like. No serious rain but can have a little drizzle.
 Active EarthWhat does a Mercalli scale measure-
 The intensity of an earthquake
 Active EarthWhat are volcanic hazards-
 Lahars, Valcano Landslides, Volcanic Gases, Pyroclastic Flows and Lava Floes
 Active EarthHow is an earthquake formed-
 Opening in earth’s crust where magma has reached the earth’s surface due to vents.
 Active EarthWhat are some earthquake hazards
 Ground Motion, Aftershock, Fire and Tsunami
 Violent WeatherWhat is a cumulus cloud look like and what weather can be associated with it-
 Looks like a puffy cotton candy and the weather associated is clear weather with little to no chance of rain
 Violent WeatherWhat is humidity and explain relative humidity-
 Humidity is the amount of water vapor in the atmosphere. Relative humidity is the amount of humidity in the atmosphere over how much it can actually can hold.
 Violent WeatherWhat do cirrus cloud look like and what weather can be expected with it-
 A thin wispy cloud that has little to no rain affilitated with it.
 Violent WeatherDefine Condensation, Evaporation, Transpiration, Run Off and Precipitation –
 Condensation is when water vapor turns back to a liquid.Evaporation is when water is turned into water vapor because of heat from the sun.Transpiration is when the heat from the sun evaporates water from plants.Run off is when water from mountains flow into streams that go into oceans.Precipitation is any sort of release of water vapor from clouds whether is be sleet, snow, rain or hail.
 Active Earth Describe what a epicenter is and how it has to deals with an earthquake-
 An epicenter is the location on the earth center directly above an earthquake.
 Active Earth What is the focus of an earthquake-
 The point where a fault in the earth snaps and an earthquake begins
 Active EarthWhat and where is the ring of fire-
 The Ring of Fire is an area by the pacific plate  where a large number of earthquakes and volcanic eruptions occur.
 Active EarthWhat are composite volcano made of-
 Made up of ash, lava, silica and magma.
 Active EarthWhat is a shield volcano and what is it made of-
 A gentle sloping mountain, it is full of magnesium and iron.
 Active EarthDescribe a cinder cone volcano-
 A small volcano that only has short eruptions.
 Violent WeatherWhat is Dew Point-
 When water vapor molecules turn back in a liquid state.
 Violent WeatherWhat happen in a high pressure area during a hurricane developement-
 With a mix of hot and cold wind, violent waves are formed.
 Violent WeatherWhat happens in a low pressure area during a hurricane development-
 Cold air mixes with Warm air to form violent waves.
 Violent WeatherWhat do isobars measure-
 The air pressure in our sky and atmosphere.
 Violent WeatherWhat do isotherms measure-
 The difference in climate between two regions.
 Violent WeatherWhat are the four main types of air masses-
 The four main types of air masses are Maritime Tropical, Maritime Polar, Continental Tropical, and Continental Polar.
 Violent WeatherWhat is a warm front-
 When warm air displaces cold air.
 Violent WeatherWhat is a cold front-
 When cold air displaces warm air.
 Violent WeatherWhat is a stationary front-
 When two fronts collide and it is neither cold or warm.