A Cerebrovascular Attack occurs when the brain experiences a prolonged loss of oxygen in any of its vital hemispheres. These attacks that are also known as brain strokes trigger either a permanent or partial loss of physical and/or psychological incapacities in a patient. The possible CVA related issues of a patient varies depending upon the severity of the stroke and the affected brain parts. A stroke patient will most likely encounter difficulty in speaking once the left side of the brain controlling speech is affected.
This will result in slurred speech and often times uncontrollable behavior as the brain seemingly fails to translate emotions into words. Frustration often results in such cases but can be overcome with the help of a speech therapist. There are also severe cases wherein the whole left of right of the body becomes paralyzed either on a permanent or temporary basis. For those with temporary paralysis, physical therapy will often help them regain proper usage of their hands and feet.
But for those suffering from permanent paralysis, physical therapy is mostly advised in order to prevent muscular dystrophy. The brain may also experience long term memory loss as that part of the brain that controls recall and thought processes become impaired in function. Although there is no really effective medicine or therapy available to help curb that situation, it will still be best to help the patient try to regain use of that part of his brain through the use of brain games.
Proper hygiene also becomes an issue for the severely affected stroke patient as he loses control of his bodily functions. This in turn affects him psychologically and make him reclusive and ill at ease when interacting with others. The best treatment for this is to treat the patient with dignity and respect. Remind him that it is not his fault and that being socially active will help him overcome his illness one way or another.
Stroke patients also have difficulty in swallowing because they have lost control of their internal muscles. This will make it difficult for them to swallow medications and also pose a life threatening situation in the event that the patient chokes on food or liquids as he ingests it. Work Cited Weinrauch, Larry, MD. (2007). Stroke. Medline Plus. Medical Encyclopedia. Retrieved December 5, 2007, from http://www. nlm. nih. gov/medlineplus/ency/article/000726. htm#Complications