These links include: Aid Culture Migration Trade Communication Defense Tourism Sport Your response should: scribe the nature of the link explain the advantages and disadvantages of the link for Australia discuss the cultural, economic and geopolitical implications of the link. You will be required to submit your planning sheet and source analysis for the extended response question during Week 4 of Term 4. DUE DATE: Marking Criteria – Year 10 Geography Name: 20 marks Describe the nature of the link 4 A comprehensive description of the nature of the link. A detailed description Of the nature Of the link. 2 A competent outline of the nature of the link. An elementary outline of the nature of the link. Explain the advantages and disadvantages of the link for Australia 4 A comprehensive explanation of the advantages and disadvantages of the link. 3 A detailed explanation of the advantages and disadvantages of the link. 2 A competent explanation of the advantages and disadvantages of the link. 1 An elementary outline Of the advantages and ‘or disadvantages Of the link. 0 Australia is a nation built on Migration. Indigenous Australians date their ancestry back to the Aboriginal Dermatome over 50 000 years ago. It is believed that as many as 60 nationalities, mainly from the British Isles and Europe, were transported to Australia on the First Fleet in 1788. Later, Chinese mined the gold fields in the sass and Afghans were camel drivers in the sass. Today the largest group of overseas-born Australian immigrants are from the united Kingdom, followed by New Zealand, Italy and China.
Even though the percentage of overseas born Australians remained almost the same in 1 901 (22. 8 per cent) and 2008 (22 per cent), the composition of migrants changed. The White Australia policy (1901-73) and the Immigration Restriction Act 1901 ensured immigrants were of European origin and radiantly from the United Kingdom. A dictation test further restricted the entry of non-European immigrants. Today an increasing number of Asian immigrants and Middle Eastern refugees have settled in Australia.
The Department of Immigration and Multicultural and Indigenous Affairs (TIMID) develops policies under the Migration Act 1958. It allows people to live permanently in Australia under the Migration Program (e. G. Skilled and family links) and Humanitarian Program (e. G. Refugees). Those who enter Australia without authority or overstay their visa are called illegal migrants. Since the ND of World War II, more than 690 000 refugees and people in humanitarian need have settled in Australia.
Australia signed the 1 951 United Nations Convention relating to the Status of Refugees and the 1976 United Nations Protocol accepting responsibility for resolving refugee problems. Australia protects refugees according to its commitment to the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (MUNCH) and allocated 13 000 places in 2008-09 under the Humanitarian Program. Australia’s migration program balances the governments social, economic, political, humanitarian and environmental objectives. Changes in migration policy as well as national and international events (e. G. Call tensions, terrorism, human rights abuses and wars) influence the number, nationality and types of immigrants. Australia’s current skills crisis is addressed by the Temporary Skilled Migration Program. In 1996 skilled immigration was 23 per cent of total immigration, but by 2008 it grew to 67 per cent (decreasing in 2009 with the financial crisis). Immigration has been a significant contributor to Australia’s population growth. But the rate varied from 23 per cent of population growth in (immigration) and out of a neutron (emigration) 1993 to 59 per cent in 2009.