geology test (chapter 3,8,8,10)

which seismic waves compress and expand rocks in the direction the waves travel
p waves
what kind of plate boundary occurs where two plates grind past each other without destroying or produceing lithosphere
transform fault boundary
why do earthquakes often cause damaging fires
earthquake vibrations can break gas lines, water lines, and electrical lines
tensional stresses commonly cause which of the following
normal faults
what volcanic feature is illustrated at a in figure 10-2
continental
what type of plate boundary resulted in the volcanic activity illustrated in figure 10-2
oceanic-continental convergent plate boundary
a fault in which the hanging wall moves down relative to the footwall is a
mormal fault
what type of volcano is built almost entirely from ejected lava fragements
cinder cone
the particles produced in volcanic eruptions are called
pyroclastic material
what feature is labled a in figure 10-1
pipe
whay type of valcano is illustrated in figure 10-1
composite cone
a tectonic plate consist of
the crust and uppermost mantle
which of the following can be produced at an ocean-continental convergent boundary
continental volcanic arc
earthquakes are usually associated with
faults
what is the most abundant gas associated with volcanic activity
water vapor
an earthquake epicemter is
the place on the surface directly above the focus
the richter magnitude of an earthquake is determined whether a volcanic eruption will be violent or relatively quiet
all of th above
a lava flow with a surface of rough, jagged blocks and sharp, angular projections a(n)
aa flow
the board, slightly dome-shaped volcanoesof hawaii are
shield volcanoes
faults in which movement is mainly horizontal and parallel to the trend of the fault surface are called
strike-slip faults
in figure 3-1 what process or processes would be occuring in the part of the rock cycle labeled e
compaction and cementation
in figure 3-1 what type of rock should occur in the part of the rock cycle labeled b
igneous
in figure 3-1 whay type of rock should occur in the part of the rock cycle labeled f
sedimentary
according to the theory of plate tectonics
the lithosphere is divided into plates
the hawaiian islands were formed when the pacific plate moved over
a hot spot
a tsunami can occur when there is vertical movement at at fault under
the ocean floor
overall which seismic waves are the most destructive
surface waves
what forms when one oceanic plate is forced beneath another plate
a subduction zone
when a earthquake occurs energy radiates in all directions from its source which is called the
focus
the supercontinent in the continental drift hypothesis was called
pangaea
through which earth layer are s waves not transmitted
outer core
one kind of evidence that supports wegeners hypothesis is that
fossils of the same organism have been found on different continents
which of the following is not one of the three types of rock
magma
the himalayas in south asia are an example of what type of plate boundary
convergent continental-continental boundary
where is the energy source found that drives the process that form igneous and metamorphic rocks
earths interior
most of the active volcanoes on earth are located in a belt known as the
ring of fire
what is the name of the major strike-slip fault in california
san andreas fault
according to figure 8-1 when will the first p wave be received if an earthquake epicenter is approximately 1800 kilometers from the seismic station
3.5 minutes after the earthquake
according to figure 8-1 what is the distance between the seismic station and an earthquake epicenter if the first s wave arrives 4.0minutes after the first p wave
2500 kilometers
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