Globalization domestic and international terrorist activities. Crenshaw (2001)

Globalization is the disputable vast topic.it isamply clear that there are no any signal causes which explained terrorism. Inmany studies has been suggested that the sudden occurrence of terrorism hasbeen contributed by the level of increase globalization that causes thesituation of war Modern terrorism is a reaction of globalization (PaulWilkinson 2003).

Globalization is a difficult process. It has advantages aswell as disadvantages. Countries that are closer in their internal activitiesare more stable and protected but those countries that go through the processof integration or facing shock that occur due to globalization might be suffergreat disruption (Margit 2007).

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It has been strongly indication that politicalviolence in different period has been commanded by globalization. Even pastperiod, increasing globalization was linked with violent outburst.Globalization is having the effect on human rightsviolations in general and Pakistan in specific.

In Pakistan that clearlydemonstrate that all the socio-economic fields in certain patterns is effectedby globalization. Globalization also affects the cost, benefits and resourcesavailable for terrorist activities. Initially, if terrorism occurs from a senseof taking away then it will encourage economic growth and may be moderateterrorist’s inclination. Supposed globalization relates to increaseddiscrimination among countries and groups, that might possible globalizationlead to more violence. Some study indicated that trade, freedom, and economicgrowth are perceived as a benefit of globalization but on the other hand mostof the believers said that it has negative effects on local social values andeconomics stables (see Fischer 2003).Terrorism spread in most parts of the world in thepast periods and most of the countries have been effected from terrorism fromboth domestic and international terrorist activities. Crenshaw (2001) arguedthat globalization has been encouraging international terrorism.

So thatterrorism and globalization might be ostensibly impacting each other. The recentoccurrence of terrorism is not necessarily obsessed by globalization. Terrorismis most complex and complicated global challenge after 9/11 as many countrieshave developed rigorous dead of violence and conflict. In most of the casesterrorism root develop in developing countries. Economic consequences throughTerrorist incidents have distracted foreign direct investment, infrastructureredirecting public investment funds, so a developing country must have enoughFDI to overcome its hazards and also can reduced economic growth and capitalflight from a country plagued by civil war (Collier et al., 2003).  It may cause extent costs among neighboringcountries capital inflows or a multiplier causes like lost economic activity inthe terrorism ridden country (Drakos, 2004; Ito and lee, 2004).

Krug and Rein Moeller (2004) said that globalizationis a main element of terrorism. In their paper, figure out thatinternationalization of terrorism is a natural response to a globalizingeconomy. Countries have more terrorism problems when they developed moreeconomically integrated. Evaluating consequences of globalization may beresponse to tenacity argumentative policy matter of that kind. Even a number ofliterature have exposed economic consequences of globalization. The economicand political roots of terrorism are intricate, gradually bothersome, anddemanding of as much extent and delicacy in response as they display in theirgenesis. That’s why research is limited that how globalization stimulusescultural arrogances and terrorism.

Terrorism is an appearance of politicalconflict. Some people found a relation between poverty and terrorism attacksbut Laiti and Krueger (2003), and piazza (2204) found didn’t find any evident.There is an evidence of politics in the cause of terrorism because countriesare integrated politically. Abadie (2004) concluded that there was a negativerelationship among the risk of terrorism and level of development.Amazingly They have paid some attention to exteriorpolitical roots of terrorism. In current eras, states are getting graduallypolitically integrated and combining together to get benefit and collect effortto fight against terrorism in term of international treaties and worldorganization. However, international political integration causes unfavorableeffects on domestic and national supreme power and stability.

According toRodrick (2002) the national public system democratic politics and full economicintegration are mutually incompatible. The global political integration fulfillsthe surrounding of domestic politics that will become disappointed to controlviolent organization. Terrorism might be matter by foreign policy in term ofpolitical urgency to the west and alliance structure (i.e., Western supremacy)and global modernization. (see for details, Bergesen and Lizardo and, 2004).

In the world of globalization, the powerful statesare ensuring their state security survival with Anti-Ballistic Missiletechnologies, WMD’s in the field of nuclearization. consequently, the challengesfor global security are becoming more complex, incorporated and eruditealtogether. Some studies like Blomberg and Hess (2008) showed thatinternational collaboration in a sense of involvement in internationalassociation to lesser transnational terrorism but on the other hand furtherstudies like Lai (2007) and piazza (2008) argued that international politicalinvolves positively in production of terrorism.

Lia (2007) and piazza (2008)found that association of regional attacks enhance terrorism. Plumper andNeumayer (2010) argued that membership of international coalition boostterrorist activities among state, even when there is main difference amongstate. These investigations figure out that global political element makecontributions assuredly between the production concerning transnationalterrorism and also figure out of current incidents of terrorism thatinternational political efforts also could not combat the terrorism. Theterrorist activities not only affect the thriving states but also over throwingwithin pacific states (for example, recent attacks in Turkey, Germany andFrance). Those current states elevation a policy query: Does politicalintegration throughout international location boost their power to converseterrorism? Surprisingly as an important query is almost unnoticed betweenscientific research over terrorism. In this study, contributed in accordancewith prevailing literature concerning terrorism by means of answering thisquery in the context of Pakistan.Now a days Pakistan is a highly economicallyintegrated country in the world. Intra-regional and also inter-regionalconnectivity of the region will be enhanced by the recent ongoing project likechina Pakistan Economic corridor (CPEC) and India Iran’s chabahar port projects.

A better law and order condition in the country can be taken out from thereprojects but Pakistan capable then possesses a fabric for combating durability.Terrorism has always been convicted in Pakistan in all its form andmanifestations. After 9/11 Pakistan itself connected in general withinternational community and in particular with United State to combat againstterrorism with its neighborhood. Pakistan committed and contributed toeradicate terrorism.

  There is nationalconsensus in Pakistan to control terrorist activity and not to allow anyindividual to spread any terrorism attack. according to severe condition inPakistan, Pakistan itself want to solution to control the terrorism activities.Pakistan has always inclusive regional and international access to identify thecause of terrorism in and around Pakistan, and entire world.

Politics andreligious miss-affiliations are large effecting elements of terrorism inPakistan. Malik et al., (2015) found risk factors creating terrorism in Pakistan.According their study, terrorism eradicated could not be done completely, themain causes of terrorism solution is jointly social, economic, and politicalacts. After Bin Laden’s death Pakistan has been facing more problems related toterrorism. The emerging scenario in the Year 2011 has raised many queriesrelated to the countries survival and security al global level and specially inPakistan. Terrorist organization should be eliminated it isthe main concern of Pakistan for Obama administration. Obama administrationapproach must be based at the grounds which should be beneficial to Pakistan.

The existing situation of terrorism inside and outside Pakistani state has beenled the vulnerable situation, geo-strategic scenario and spillover effect inPakistan. Therefore, survival and security of modern world and the society mustbe the major aims of the world leaderships. Exertions should be made to removeterrorism along with the declaration of human security of the society alongwith countries security. The domestic terrorist groups and internationalorganizations may use forthcoming opportunities of the CPEC to performedactivities not only to impairment the country’s economy but also to exaggeratetheir outbreaks on Chinese development projects, companies, and workers onPakistan’s soil.

Inside the scope of our examine, this is vitalto reply the important query up to expectation whether economics globalizationsupports the state to getaway terrorism or regional collaboration canestablished the situation. This study is important in the context of Pakistaneither Pakistan should seek support from international organization bypolitical integration or country should strengthen domestically to removed thathazard and to accomplish a statistical analysis of data on the total number ofterrorist attacks and their results